|Titre :||Attitudes of European towards tobacco|
|Titre traduit :||(Attitudes des citoyens européens vis-à-vis du tabac)|
|Auteurs :||TNS Opinion & Social|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Bruxelles : Commission Européenne / European Commission, 2012|
|Collection :||Eurobaromètre spécial / Special Eurobarometer, num. 385 / Wave EB77.1|
|Format :||167 p. / tabl., fig., graph.|
|Note générale :||This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Health and Consumers and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueEUROPE ; UNION EUROPEENNE
Thésaurus TOXIBASETABAC ; CIGARETTE ; OPINION ; NIVEAU DE CONNAISSANCES ; ENQUETE ; REPRESENTATION SOCIALE ; ACHAT ; MOTIVATION ; ABSTINENCE ; ATTITUDE ; PREVALENCE ; TABAGISME PASSIF ; ACHATS TRANSFRONTALIERS ; PRIX
Every year 695 000 Europeans die prematurely of tobacco-related causes. It is estimated that, in terms of economic impact, smoking costs the EU countries at least €100 billion. Many cancers and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases are linked to tobacco use. It is the largest avoidable health risk in Europe, causing more problems than alcohol, drugs, high blood pressure, excess weight or high cholesterol.
The present survey shows that as of March 2012, 28% of the EU population smoke, including 29% of young Europeans aged 15-24. Since the late 1980s, the European Union has worked to encourage the trend towards fewer people smoking, more people quitting smoking and more citizens living and working in smoke-free environments. EU legislation on the control of tobacco regulates the marketing of tobacco products for public health reasons and ensures appropriate consumer information and harmonised standards. The latest measure, 14 new health warnings to appear on tobacco packs, was adopted on 7 March 2012.
In order to monitor the current situation and public attitudes towards tobacco, the EU regularly carries out public opinion polls. This survey is the latest in a series that have been carried out since 2003. Although the questionnaire design has changed over time, the main objectives have remained unchanged: mapping the current consumption of tobacco products, understanding the motivations behind smoking and the attitudes underlying smoking behavior, and identifying measures to reduce the number of Europeans who smoke.
The present survey, carried out in February-March 2012, follows on from the previous study conducted in autumn 2009. The results of these two surveys are compared where relevant. The following key themes will be addressed in this report:
• Proportion and profile of smokers in the EU;
• Frequency of tobacco consumption;
• Type of tobacco products consumed;
• Purchasing behavior;
• Exposure to tobacco smoke in public places;
• Motivations for starting smoking;
• Motivations for quitting smoking;
• Attitudes towards, and support for, anti-tobacco policy measures.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
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