|Titre :||E-cigarette use is associated with subsequent cigarette use among young adult non-smokers, over and above a range of antecedent risk factors: a propensity score analysis (2021)|
|Auteurs :||M. EPSTEIN ; J. A. BAILEY ; R. KOSTERMAN ; I. C. RHEW ; M. FURLONG ; S. OESTERLE ; S. E. McCABE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.116, n°5, May 2021)|
|Article en page(s) :||1224-1232|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; TABAC ; THEORIE DE L'ESCALADE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; NON FUMEUR ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; COHORTE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a public health concern that the use of e-cigarettes among non-smoking young adults could be associated with transition to combustible cigarette use. The current study is a quasi-experimental test of the relationship between e-cigarette use and subsequent combustible cigarette use among young adult non-smokers, accounting for a wide range of common risk factors.
DESIGN: Logistic regression was used to predict combustible cigarette use on three or more occasions at age 23 years based on age 21 e-cigarette use. Inverse probability weighting (IPW) was used to account for confounding variables.
SETTING: Data were drawn from the Community Youth Development Study (CYDS), a cohort study of youth recruited in 2003 in 24 rural communities in seven US. states
PARTICIPANTS: Youth in the CYDS study (n = 4407) were surveyed annually from ages 11 to 16, and at ages 18, 19, 21 and 23 years (in 2016). The sample was gender balanced (50% female) and ethnically diverse (20% Hispanic, 64% white, 3% black and 12% other race or ethnicity). The current study was limited to participants who had never used combustible cigarettes by age 21 (n = 1825).
MEASUREMENTS: Age 21 use of e-cigarettes and age 23 use of combustible cigarettes (three or more occasions) were included in the regression analysis. Age 11-19 measures of 22 common predictors of both e-cigarette and combustible cigarette use (e.g. pro-cigarette attitudes, peer smoking, family monitoring) were used to create IPWs.
FINDINGS: After applying IPW, e-cigarette use at age 21 was associated with a twofold increase in odds of combustible cigarette use on three or more occasions 2 years later (odds ratio = 2.16, confidence interval 1.23, 3.79).
CONCLUSIONS: Among previously never-smoking US young adults, e-cigarette use appears to be strongly associated with subsequent combustible cigarette smoking, over and above measured preexisting risk factors.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||49|
|Affiliation :||Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA|