|Titre :||Gender, women, and the future of tobacco control (2020)|
|Auteurs :||A. SOLOMON|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drugs and Alcohol Today (Vol.20, n°3, 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||249-262|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASESEXE ; SEXE FEMININ ; TABAC ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; TRAITE INTERNATIONAL ; POLITIQUE ; PREVALENCE ; COMPARAISON ; EVOLUTION ; MORTALITE ; CANCER ; RECHERCHE ; STIGMATISATION ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE
Purpose: This paper aims to provide a gendered analysis of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) benchmarked upon the global commitments to women's health and well-being in the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It reviews evidence of the global consequences of neglecting women's tobacco use and health, as well as analyzes persistent issues related to sex and gender that compromise the efficacy of tobacco control and science. Actionable recommendations are made to the Conference of the Parties to the FCTC and other key stakeholders.
Design/methodology/approach: This paper draws upon empirical studies, literature reviews and global health data at the varying intersections of gender, sex, tobacco and global health.
Findings: The global tobacco control framework and its implementation by state governments have been largely gender blind to date with dire health and economic consequences, including inequitable positive outcomes for men compared to women, and an increase in women's smoking with associated morbidity and mortality. Gender equitable progress in combatting the tobacco epidemic will not be possible without resolving the gender bias, stigmatization, sexism and lack of intersectionality that plague tobacco control policy, research and interventions for cessation and harm reduction.
Originality/value: This paper provides an updated global overview of current trends in women's tobacco use and comprehensively details the persistent structural barriers in tobacco control and science that limit their capacity to effectively analyze and address tobacco use and its impact on women.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, New York, New York, USA|