|Titre :||Motivations for using electronic cigarettes in young adults: A systematic review (2020)|
|Auteurs :||S. KINOUANI ; C. LEFLOT ; P. VANDERKAM ; M. AURIACOMBE ; E. LANGLOIS ; C. TZOURIO|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Substance Abuse (Vol.41, n°3, 2020)|
|Article en page(s) :||315-322|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADULTE JEUNE ; CIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; MOTIVATION ; INITIATION ; SEVRAGE ; FUMEUR
Background: The most common reasons why adults use e-cigarettes are to stop or reduce tobacco smoking. However, it is unclear if this reason is evenly distributed between young and older adults.
Objectives: describe the motivations for e-cigarette use amongst young adults aged 18-25 and compare the reasons for using e-cigarettes of people who currently or formerly used tobacco products to those who had never smoked tobacco prior e-cigarette use.
Methods: PubMed(®), Scopus(®), Cochrane Library(®), SocINDEX(®), PsycARTICLES(®), Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection(®) and PsycINFO(®) databases were used. English written articles were screened up to March 2018. Depending on study design, quality was assessed using The STROBE or RATS checklists.
Results: Six articles were included in the review, all with a moderate quality of evidence. Independently of smoking status, curiosity was the most frequently reported reason for initiating the use of e-cigarettes in young adults. Reasons for continuing to use e-cigarettes were various. The continued use of e-cigarettes could be either a means to replicate smoking habits, or a way for a different and personalized use of nicotine by inhalation.
Conclusions: Reasons for using e-cigarettes in young adults are varied and are not limited to stopping smoking.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Refs biblio. :||59|
|Affiliation :||University Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France|