|Titre :||Pregnancy, fertility, breastfeeding, and alcohol consumption: An analysis of framing and completeness of information disseminated by alcohol industry-funded organizations (2019)|
|Auteurs :||A. W. Y. LIM ; M. C. I. VAN SCHALKWYK ; N. MAANI HESSARI ; M. P. PETTICREW|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.80, n°5, September 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||524-533|
|Note générale :||
Commentary: Alcohol industry-funded websites contribute to ambiguity regarding the harmful effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy: A commentary on Lim et al. (2019). Popova S., Dozet D., Burd L., Rehm J., p. 534-536.
• Petticrew M.P., Lim A.W.Y., van Schalkwyk M.C.I., Maani Hessari N. Éduc'alcool and the web of misinformation about alcohol and health. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 2020, Vol. 81, n° 3, p. 386-387
• Petticrew M.P., Lim A.W.Y., van Schalkwyk M.C.I., Maani Hessari N. Alcohol industry corporate social responsibility, strategic ambiguity, and the limits of fact-checking: Response to drinkaware UK and International Alliance for Responsible Drinking regarding our study of misinformation on alcohol consumption and pregnancy. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 2020, Vol. 81, n° 3, p. 392-394
• Sacy H. Another example of misleading practices and erroneous information: Éduc'alcool response to Lim et al. (2019): "Pregnancy, fertility, breastfeeding, and alcohol consumption: an analysis of framing and completeness of information disseminated by alcohol industry-funded organizations". Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 2020, Vol. 81, n° 3, p. 384-385
• Sim F., Chick J., Neidle S., Ogden G.R., Jarvis S., Lidington I., Leslien H. A Rebuttal to Lim et al.'s (2019) Examination of drinkaware's presentation of pregnancy, fertility, breastfeeding, and alcohol consumption information. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 2020, Vol. 81, n° 3, p. 388-389
• Tujague J. IARD responds to Lim et al.'s (2019) Analysis of framing and completeness of information disseminated by alcohol industry-funded organizations. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 2020, Vol. 81, n° 3, p. 390-391
|Discipline :||PRE (Prévention / Prevention)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; GROSSESSE ; FERTILITE ; INDUSTRIE DE L'ALCOOL ; INFORMATION ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; REPRODUCTION ; AVERTISSEMENT SANITAIRE ; INTERNET ; COMPARAISON
Thésaurus GéographiqueETATS-UNIS ; ROYAUME-UNI ; IRLANDE ; AUSTRALIE ; CANADA ; NOUVELLE ZELANDE
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use during pregnancy can harm the developing fetus. The exact amount, pattern, and critical period of exposure necessary for harm to occur are unclear, although official guidance often emphasizes precautionary abstention. The impacts on fertility and breastfeeding are also unclear. Information on alcohol and pregnancy is disseminated by the alcohol industry-funded organizations, and there are emerging concerns about its accuracy, suggesting the need for detailed analysis.
METHOD: Information on alcohol consumption in relation to fertility, pregnancy, and breastfeeding was extracted from the websites of 23 alcohol industry-funded bodies (e.g., Drinkaware [United Kingdom] and DrinkWise [Australia]), and 19 public health organizations (e.g., Health.gov and NHS Choices). Comparative qualitative and quantitative analysis of the framing and completeness of this information was undertaken.
RESULTS: Alcohol industry-funded organizations were statistically significantly less likely than public health websites to provide information on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and less likely to advise that no amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy. They were significantly more likely to emphasize uncertainties and less likely to use direct language (e.g., "don't drink"). Some alcohol industry-funded (and no public health) websites appear to use "alternate causation" arguments, similar to those used by the tobacco industry, to argue for causes of alcohol harms in pregnancy other than alcohol.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol industry-funded websites omit and misrepresent the evidence on key risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. This may "nudge" women toward continuing to drink during pregnancy. These findings suggest that alcohol industry-funded bodies may increase risk to pregnant women by disseminating misinformation. The public should be made widely aware of the risks of obtaining health information from alcohol industry-funded sources.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK|