|Titre :||Estimates of the prevalence of opiate use and/or crack cocaine use, 2016/17: Sweep 13 report|
|Auteurs :||G. HAY ; A. RAEL DOS SANTOS ; H. REED ; V. HOPE|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Liverpool : Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 2019|
|Autre Editeur :||London : Public Health England|
|Format :||20 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEOPIACES ; CRACK ; PREVALENCE ; CAPTURE-RECAPTURE ; METHODE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; REGION ; AGE ; EVOLUTION
Thésaurus GéographiqueROYAUME-UNI ; ANGLETERRE
This report presents the findings of Sweep 13 of the estimates of the prevalence of opiate and/or crack cocaine use in England, covering 2016/17. These continue the long time series of opiate and/or crack cocaine use prevalence estimates, starting in 2004/05 and most recently reported for 2014/15.
The estimated number of people who use opiate and/or crack cocaine aged 15-64 in England in 2016/17 was 313,971 (95% CI: 309,242 to 327,196). Within this group, there are an estimated 261,294 people (95% CI: 259,018 to 271,403) that use opiates and an estimated 180,748 people (95% CI: 176,583 to 188,066) that use crack cocaine.
The estimated prevalence rates for England per thousand population in 2016/17 were 8.85 (95% CI: 8.72 to 9.23) for OCU, 7.37 (95% CI: 7.30 to 7.65) for opiate use and 5.10 (95% CI: 4.98 to 5.30) for crack cocaine use.
The estimated number of people in England who use opiates and/or crack cocaine increased by 4.4% when compared to 2014/15 (300,783 to 313,971). This increase over the two-year period was statistically significant. The estimated number of people who use opiates increased slightly by 1.5% (257,476 to 261,294), but this change was not statistically significant. There was a decrease of 1.1% in the number people who use crack cocaine between 2014/15 and 2016/17 (182,828 to 180,748); this change was not statistically significant.
The estimated number of people who use opiates and/or crack cocaine in the 35 to 64 age group increased by 12% between 2014/15 and 2016/17 (178,875 to 200,186), while there was a 10% decrease in the estimated number aged 25 to 34 (91,808 to 82,680). The increase in the 35 to 64 age group was statistically significant, and these findings follow a long-term ageing trend in the population that use opiates and/or crack cocaine. There was an increase of 3% in the estimated number of people who use opiates and/or crack cocaine aged 15 to 24 between 2014/15 and 2016/17 (30,190 to 31,105), which was not statistically significant. London was the only region to see a statistically significant increase in the number of people who use opiates and/or crack cocaine and in the number of people who use opiates in the 15 to 24 age group.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Public Health Institute, Faculty of Education, Health and Community, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK|
|URL :||https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/opiate-and-crack-cocaine-use-prevalence-estimates-for-local-populations ; https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/crack-cocaine-increase-inquiry-findings/increase-in-crack-cocaine-use-inquiry-summary-of-findings|