|Titre :||Adolescent arrestees detained in police cells: an observational study in the Paris, France, area (2019)|
|Auteurs :||C. COUDERT ; C. VIDAL ; T. LEFEVRE ; P. CHARIOT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Legal Medicine (Vol.133, n°4, July 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||1251-1258|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueFRANCE ; VILLE DE PARIS
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; POLICE ; ARRESTATION ; SANTE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; VIOLENCE
OBJECTIVE: Custody conditions in police cells are often demeaning and considered inappropriate for human beings. The detention of young adolescents in police custody has received little attention. Our study aimed to describe the characteristics of adolescents under 18 detained in custody.
METHODS: We studied all arrestees aged 13-17 examined in 1 year (January 01-December 31, 2014) in a suburban district near Paris. We evaluated the proportion of adolescents under 18 among all arrestees detained in custody and their medical history, addictive behaviors, perceived health status, and opinion on custody.
RESULTS: Arrestees aged 13-17 accounted for 1859 individuals. They were predominantly males (94%) and accounted for 19% of all examinations in custody. Nearly half of the arrestees aged 13-15 (42%), and two thirds of those aged 16-17 (65%) had been previously detained in police cells. Somatic and psychiatric disorders were reported by 7% and 4%, respectively, of arrestees aged 13-17. Alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis consumption were reported by 5%, 24%, and 12%, respectively, of arrestees aged 13-15. These proportions were lower than the 16%, 50%, and 35%, respectively, reported by arrestees aged 16-17 (p CONCLUSION: The detention of adolescents in police stations is commonly associated with assaults at the time of arrest. High proportions of adolescent arrestees smoke tobacco or cannabis. We suggest that the medical examination in custody could be an opportunity for adolescents to initiate access to health care.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||40|
|Affiliation :||Department of Forensic and Social Medicine, hôpital Jean-Verdier (AP-HP), Bondy, France|