|Titre :||Posttraumatic stress disorder is a risk factor for multiple addictions in police officers hospitalized for alcohol (2019)|
|Auteurs :||P. BRUNAULT ; K. LEBIGRE ; F. IDBRIK ; D. MAUGÉ ; P. ADAM ; H. EL AYOUBI ; C. HINGRAY ; S. BARRAULT ; M. GRALL-BRONNEC ; N. BALLON ; W. EL-HAGE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Addiction Research (Vol.25, n°4, June 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||198-206|
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus mots-clésETUDE CLINIQUE ; ETAT DE STRESS POST-TRAUMATIQUE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; MILIEU PROFESSIONNEL ; POLICE ; ALCOOL ; AUDIT ; ADDICTION ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; JEU PATHOLOGIQUE
BACKGROUND: In police officers, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with alcohol use disorder (AUD), but we lack data on the association between PTSD and other substance-related and addictive disorders.
OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether PTSD could be a risk factor for different substance-related and addictive disorders in police officers, including alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and gambling.
METHOD: This cross-sectional study included all police officers admitted consecutively for alcohol to an inpatient ward dedicated to police officers (Le Courbat rehabilitation center, France; n= 133). Each patient completed self-administered questionnaires that assessed lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events (Life Event Checklist for DSM-5), PTSD severity and diagnosis (PTSD Checklist for DSM-5), AUD severity (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test [AUDIT]), tobacco dependence (Fagerstrom test for Nicotine Dependence), cannabis dependence (Cannabis Abuse Screening test), and gambling disorder (Canadian Problem Gambling Index).
RESULTS: Mean AUDIT score was 23.7 +/- 8.0; 66.2% had an AUDIT score >=20. Our sample comprised a high prevalence for PTSD (38.3%) and for substance-related and addictive disorders: tobacco dependence (68.4%), cannabis dependence (3.8%), and pathological gambling (3%). Patients with PTSD experienced higher lifetime exposure to traumatic experiences: physical assault, severe human suffering, sudden accidental death of another person, and other types of stressful events/experiences. In multiple linear regressions adjusted for age, sex, and marital status, PTSD was a significant predictor of the severity of AUD and tobacco use disorder, but not of the severity of cannabis use disorder nor gambling disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: PTSD is common in police officers hospitalized for alcohol and associated with a higher severity of some addictive disorders (alcohol/tobacco). PTSD and its comorbid addictive disorders should be systematically screened and treated in this population.
|Domaine :||Addictions sans produit / Addictions without drug ; Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||54|
|Affiliation :||CHRU de Tours, Equipe de Liaison et de Soins en Addictologie, Tours, France|