|Titre :||Synthetic cannabinoid use among college students (2019)|
|Auteurs :||E. M. MATHEWS ; E. JEFFRIES ; C. HSIEH ; G. JONES ; J. D. BUCKNER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addictive Behaviors (Vol.93, June 2019)|
|Article en page(s) :||219-224|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; CANNABINOIDES ; CANNABIS ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; DROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; PREVALENCE ; EFFET SECONDAIRE
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Synthetic cannabinoid use is associated with severe problems, including psychosis, kidney failure, and death. Given that young adults are especially vulnerable to using synthetic cannabinoids, the current study sought to identify factors and consequences related to use within this population.
METHODS: 1140 undergraduates completed an online survey of synthetic cannabinoid use, consequences, and related constructs.
RESULTS: The prevalence of lifetime synthetic cannabinoid use was 7.9% (n=90), 15.6% (n=13) of which were regular users, meaning they used once a year or more often. Synthetic cannabinoid users reported multiple adverse effects (e.g., anxiety, paranoia, tachycardia, lightheadedness) and 16.7% (n=15) of users said they considered or did go to the Emergency Room while using synthetic cannabinoids. In the entire sample, participants believed their friends (t=18.3, p<.001 and students in general p use synthetic cannabinoids more than they do. natural cannabis users were associated with increased odds of having tried those who had never used or="7.63" to cannabinoid reported lifetime cannabis. common reasons for legality not appearing on drug tests availability that enjoyed using thought safe use.> DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Synthetic cannabinoid use is associated with a variety of negative consequences. The data also supports a strong link between natural cannabis use and synthetic cannabinoid use.
SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Natural cannabis users appear to be a high-risk group for using synthetic cannabinoids. There are multiple negative effects associated with synthetic cannabinoid use and reasons for use relate to convenience vs. enjoyment. Data have important implications for prevention and treatment efforts.
Synthetic cannabinoid use is associated with serious adverse effects.
Natural cannabis users were >7 times as likely to have used synthetic cannabinoids.
16.6% of users considered or did go to the ED as a result of using.
Reasons for use of synthetic cannabinoids were based on convenience not enjoyment.
Students believed their friends and all students used more synthetic cannabinoids than they did.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
Psychiatry Residency Program, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA