|Titre :||2018. Cultivation and production|
|Titre de série :||Afghanistan opium survey|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Vienna : UNODC, 2018|
|Format :||70 p. / fig., graph., tabl.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEENQUETE ; OPIUM ; GEOGRAPHIE ; ECONOMIE ; PRODUCTION ; REVENU ; AGRICULTURE ; PRIX ; EVOLUTION ; ERADICATION
The total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan remains at very high levels despite a decrease by 20 per cent compared to 2017. The potential production of opium decreased by 29 per cent in 2018 compared to last year, while farm-gate prices hit an all-time low.
However, the decreases, in particular in the Northern and Western regions, were mainly attributed to the severe drought that has hit Afghanistan.
UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov said: "Despite the decreases, the overall area under opium poppy cultivation is the second highest ever recorded. This is a clear challenge to security and safety for the region and beyond. It is a threat to health in all countries where these drugs are being trafficked, as well as in Afghanistan itself. The international community needs to do more to support Afghanistan in pursuing balanced, health- and rights-centred responses to drug supply and demand."
The findings show that the area under opium poppy cultivation in 2018 was 263,000 hectares compared to 328,000 hectares last year.
Opium yield also decreased, by around 11 percent, to around 24.4 kilogrammes per hectare, which may also be attributed to the drought. [From the press release]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|