|Titre :||Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study (2018)|
|Auteurs :||G. FOND ; A. BOURBON ; J. A. MICOULAUD-FRANCHI ; P. AUQUIER ; L. BOYER ; C. LANÇON|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Affective Disorders (Vol.238, 1 October 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||534-538|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMEDECIN ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; SANTE MENTALE ; PSYCHIATRIE ; ENQUETE ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; ALCOOL ; ANTIDEPRESSEURS ; ANXIOLYTIQUES ; MOTIVATION ; MILIEU ETUDIANT ; PROFIL SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIQUE ; PREVALENCE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE
Background: Physicians are at risk for burnout, anxiety and depression.
Objective: To explore the self-reported mental health status, substance use behavior and motives of a national sample of interns in psychiatry compared to other specialties.
Methods: Interns of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2018 and fulfilled internet anonymized questionnaires.
Results: Overall, 2165 interns (302 interns in psychiatry and 1863 in other specialties) mean aged 25.9 years (+/- 2.8), 35% males were included in the present study. In multivariate analyses, interns in psychiatry were found to have higher rates of current tobacco smoking (aOR = 1.9 [1.4-2.5], p Conclusions: Interns in psychiatry are more exposed to violence during medical studies, they report lower vitality and increased substance use behavior. Their motives for consumption suggest mental health problems associated with increased engagement in psychotherapy and self-medication of antidepressant/anxiolytic. This population should be targeted as a specific vulnerable population among interns in medicine to prevent ulterior bad health outcomes.
A national sample of 2165 interns (302 interns in psychiatry and 1863 in other specialties) were included in the present study.
Interns in psychiatry were found to have increased rates of tobacco smoking, cannabis use disorder, alcohol use disorder, increased rates of antidepressant and anxiolytic consumption, increased psychotherapic follow-up and decreased self-reported vitality.
They reported to have been more frequently exposed to sexual and physical assault during their medical studies.
They reported also to have more frequently experienced illicit drugs during their medical studies, and to seek more frequently anxiolytic and/or sedative and/or stimulant and/or disinhibiting effect, and to seek dealing with sentimental breakthrough.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Affiliation :||Aix-Marseille Univ., Faculté de Médecine - Secteur Timone, EA 3279, CEReSS - Centre d'Etude et de Recherche sur les Services de Santé et la Qualité de vie, Marseille, France|
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