|Titre :||Adolescent marijuana use and perceived ease of access before and after recreational marijuana implementation in Colorado (2018)|
|Auteurs :||S. B. HARPIN ; A. BROOKS-RUSSELL ; M. MA ; K. A. JAMES ; A. H. LEVINSON|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Substance Use and Misuse (Vol.53, n°3, 2018)|
|Article en page(s) :||451-456|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus mots-clésCANNABIS ; ADOLESCENT ; PREVALENCE ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; PERCEPTION ; LEGALISATION ; USAGE RECREATIF ; ENQUETE
BACKGROUND: As of January 1, 2017, eight states have approved laws for recreational marijuana use. While the social impacts of these changes remain under debate, the influence on adolescent marijuana use is a key policy and health issue across the U.S.
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in adolescent marijuana-use behaviors in the first year after recreational marijuana implementation in Colorado, and to analyze the effect of retail marijuana store proximity on youth use and perceptions.
METHOD: Secondary analysis of Healthy Kids Colorado Survey data from 40 schools surveyed before and after recreational marijuana sales were implemented (2013 student n = 12,240; 2014 student n = 11,931). Self-reported marijuana use, ease of access, and perceived harms were compared between years and by proximity of recreational marijuana stores to surveyed schools.
RESULTS: Adolescent marijuana use behaviors, wrongness of use, and perceptions of risk of harm were unchanged from baseline to one-year follow-up. Perceived ease of access to marijuana increased (from 46% to 52%). Proximity of recreational marijuana stores was not significantly associated with perceived ease of access to marijuana.
CONCLUSIONS/IMPORTANCE: In the first study of adolescent marijuana use and perceptions after state retail implementation of recreational marijuana, there was little change in adolescent marijuana use but a significant change in perception of ease of access. Public health workers and policymakers should continue to monitor these changes as essential for evaluating the impact of liberalization of marijuana policies.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||College of Nursing, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, USA|