|Titre :||Electronic cigarettes in Germany: Patterns of use and perceived health improvement (2017)|
|Auteurs :||K. LEHMANN ; S. KUHN ; J. REIMER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Addiction Research (Vol.23, n°3, July 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||136-147|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECIGARETTE ELECTRONIQUE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; SANTE ; MOTIVATION
AIMS: The aim of the study was to characterize e-cigarette users in terms of their consumption patterns, motives, and the perceived health benefits they experience from using e-cigarettes.
DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional online survey in 2015. A total of 3,320 German e-cigarette users were enrolled. A total of 91.5% were former tobacco smokers, 7.5% used both e-cigarettes and tobacco products, 1.0% were never-smokers.
RESULTS: No differences were found between ex-smokers and dual users with regard to sociodemographic and smoking history (mean age 40.8 years, 81% men, 45% with a high school degree or above). Both groups had smoked 26.4 tobacco cigarettes a day for 22 years, had unsuccessfully tried to quit smoking using various other nicotine replacement products, and had used e-cigarettes for an average of 2 years. Ex-smokers consumed lower nicotine strength and more liquid per month, experienced more positive health changes, and had made vaping their hobby. Never-smokers were about 5 years younger, used liquid without nicotine and without tobacco flavor, and had no physical dependency.
CONCLUSIONS: E-cigarettes were primarily used as an alternative to smoking and a substitute for nicotine. More dual users than ex-smokers used e-cigarettes in places where smoking is forbidden. Positive health changes were more pronounced in ex-smokers than dual users.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||65|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Centre for Interdisciplinary Addiction Research of Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany|