|Titre :||Definitions of risky and problematic cannabis use: A systematic review (2016)|
|Auteurs :||C. CASAJUANA ; H. LOPEZ-PELAYO ; M. M. BALCELLS ; L. MIQUEL ; J. COLOM ; A. GUAL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Substance Use and Misuse (Vol.51, n°13, 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||1760-1770|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; DEFINITION ; USAGE PROBLEMATIQUE ; TYPE D'USAGE
Although cannabis is widely used, it remains unclear which consumption patterns are more likely to produce future consequences (risky/hazardous use) or current damage (problematic/harmful use). This unresolved issue contributes to cannabis public health implications. In order to facilitate further consensus, this review analyzes previously used definitions in the literature.
Methods: This systematic review was performed following the PRISMA guidelines. Articles published before October 2015 in the Medline, Scopus-Elsevier, ISI-Web of Knowledge and Cochrane databases and fulfilling a-priori decided criteria were retrieved. Definitions in preselected websites of national and international organizations addressing drug problems were also included.
Results: Definitions identified in articles (n = 46) and official websites (n = 3) widely varied from each other. Weekly cannabis use was mostly considered risky. Problematic cannabis use was mostly described with the Cannabis Abuse and Screening Test. Evidence-based definitions as well as information on quantities consumed, time-frames and special considerations for risky groups were very limited.
Conclusions: Working on official definitions is highly necessary as criteria used remain incomplete, leading to increased confusion in the field. Recommendations to improve existing definitions are given.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Addictions Unit, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain|