|Titre :||New answers to an old problem: Social investment and coca crops in Colombia (2016)|
|Auteurs :||E. DAVALOS|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.31, May 2016)|
|Article en page(s) :||121-130|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOCA ; AGRICULTURE ; ERADICATION ; PAUVRETE ; CULTURE ILLICITE ; CONTROLE DES STUPEFIANTS ; MODELE
Background: For more than 30 years, the main strategy to control illicit coca crops has been forced eradication. Despite the importance of social investment and persistent poverty in areas where illicit crops are grown, there is no empirical evidence of the effect of social expenditures on preventing and reducing the expansion of illicit crops.
Methods: This paper analyses how social investment in conjunction with eradication affects new coca crops. The model is tested using a dataset consisting of annual data for 440 contiguous municipalities that had coca in any year between 2001 and 2010. The analysis includes the two main techniques used to control illicit crops, manual eradication and aerial spraying.
Results: Aerial spraying is effective in deterring farmers from increasing the size of their new coca fields, but this effect is small. Social investment, in addition to generating social welfare, has a significant negative relationship with new coca crops, 0.09-hectare reduction in new coca crops per additional 50-cent spent in social investment (human capital and infrastructure) per inhabitant.
Conclusion: Social investment emerges as a complementary and effective strategy to control illicit crops.
This paper explores an alternative approach to control coca cultivation.
Social investment is a complementary and effective strategy to control coca crops.
Eradication deters farmers from increasing the size of their new coca fields.
The effect of eradication on new coca crops is small.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Public Policy Program, Charlotte, NC, USA|