|Titre :||2015. Cultivation and production|
|Titre de série :||Afghanistan opium survey|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||New York : UNODC/UNODCCP, 2015|
|Format :||69 p. / fig., graph., tabl.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEENQUETE ; OPIUM ; GEOGRAPHIE ; ECONOMIE ; PRODUCTION ; REVENU ; AGRICULTURE ; PRIX
The total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan was estimated at 183,000 hectares in 2015, a 19% decrease from the previous year. Area under opium poppy cultivation has decreased for the first time since 2009 but it is at its fourth highest level since the beginning of estimations in 1994; higher levels have been estimated in 2007, 2013 and 2014.
Total eradication of opium poppy increased by 40% in 2015, to 3,760 hectares, while less security incidences occurred than in 2014: in 2015, 5 lives were lost and 18 persons were injured. In 2014, 13 lives were lost and 26 persons were injured.
Potential opium production was estimated at 3,300 tons in 2015, a decrease of 48% from its 2014 level (6,400 tons). The low production is a result of a reduction in area under cultivation, but more importantly of a reduction in opium yield per hectare.
Accounting for 58% of national production, the Southern region continued to produce the vast majority of opium in Afghanistan. With 22% of national production, the Western region was the country's second most important opium-producing region in 2015.
In 2015, possibly caused by the decrease in supply, opium prices increased in all regions of Afghanistan. However, at US$ 0.57 billion, or the equivalent of roughly 4% of Afghanistan's estimated GDP, the farm-gate value of opium production decreased by 33% in 2014 to its lowest level since 2009 (not adjusted for inflation). [Extracts]
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
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