|Titre :||Risks of alcohol use disorders related to drinking patterns in the U.S. general population (2014)|
|Auteurs :||T. K. GREENFIELD ; Y. YE ; J. BOND ; W. C. KERR ; M. B. NAYAK ; L. A. KASKUTAS ; R. F. ANTON ; R. Z. LITTEN ; H. R. KRANZLER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Vol.75, n°2, March 2014)|
|Article en page(s) :||319-327|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPOPULATION GENERALE ; ENQUETE ; ALCOOL ; TYPE D'USAGE ; MORBIDITE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between drinking (mean quantity and heavy drinking patterns) and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in the U.S. general population.
Method: Data from three telephone National Alcohol Surveys (in 2000, 2005, and 2010) were pooled, with separate analyses for men and women restricted to current drinkers (ns = 5,922 men, 6,270 women). Predictors were 12-month volume (mean drinks per day), rates of heavy drinking (5+/4+ drinks in a day for men/women), and very heavy drinking (8+, 12+, and 24+ drinks in a day). Outcomes were negative alcohol-related consequences constituting abuse (1+ of 4 DSM-IV-based domains assessed by 13 items) and alcohol dependence (symptoms in 3+ of 7 DSM-IV-based domains), together taken to indicate an AUD. Segmentation analyses were used to model risks of problem outcomes from drinking patterns separately by gender.
Results: In the general population, men and women who consumed Conclusions: The findings provide quantitative guidance for primary care practitioners who wish to make population-based recommendations to patients who might benefit by reducing both overall intake and amounts per occasion in an effort to lower their risks of developing AUDs.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Affiliation :||Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, California, USA|