|Titre :||Efficacy of a targeted cognitive-behavioral treatment program for cannabis use disorders (CANDIS) (2012)|
|Auteurs :||E. HOCH ; R. NOACK ; J. HENKER ; A. PIXA ; M. HÖFLER ; S. BEHRENDT ; G. BÜHRINGER ; H. U. WITTCHEN|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||European Neuropsychopharmacology (Vol.22, n°4, April 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||267-280|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; THERAPIE COGNITIVO-COMPORTEMENTALE ; TRAITEMENT ; EFFICACITE ; PROGRAMME ; ABSTINENCE
AIMS: To examine the efficacy, 3- and 6-month follow-up effects of a psychological treatment for older adolescents and adults with DSM-IV cannabis use disorders. The program was tailored to the needs of this patient population.
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES: A randomized controlled clinical trial of 122 patients aged 16 to 44 years with DSM-IV cannabis dependence as the main substance use diagnosis was conducted. Patients were randomly assigned to either Active Treatment (AT, n = 90) or a Delayed Treatment Control group (DTC, n = 32). Treatment consisted of 10 sessions of therapy, detailed in a strictly enforced manual. Assessments were conducted at baseline, during each therapy session, at post treatment and at follow-up assessments at 3 and 6 months.
RESULTS: The treatment retention rate was 88%. Abstinence was achieved in 49% of AT patients and in 13% of those in DTC (p CONCLUSION: The treatment program is effective in obtaining abstinence as well as reducing cannabis use and improves the associated social and mental health burden.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany|