|Titre de série :||Afghanistan opium survey|
|Auteurs :||ONUDC / UNODC|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||New York : UNODC/UNODCCP, 2013|
|Format :||117 p. / ill., graph., tabl.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marchés / Markets)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEENQUETE ; OPIUM ; GEOGRAPHIE ; PRIX ; SECURITE ; PRODUCTION ; ECONOMIE ; EVOLUTION ; MARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; AGRICULTURE
Key findings [Extracts]:
* The total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan in 2013 was estimated at 209,000 hectares, a 36% increase from the previous year.
* The vast majority (89%) of opium cultivation took place in nine provinces in Afghanistan's Southern and Western regions, which include the country's most insecure provinces. In mirroring the polarization in the security situation between the lawless south and the relatively stable north of the country, this confirms the link between security and opium cultivation observed in previous years.
* Total eradication of opium poppy decreased by 24% to 7,348 hectares in 2013.
* Even though the area eradicated was the equivalent of less than 3.5% of the total area under opium cultivation, the human cost of the eradication campaign was far higher in 2013 than in the preceding year, with a total of 143 fatalities and 93 injured.
* Average opium yield amounted to 26.3 kilograms per hectare in 2013, which was 11% more than in 2012 (23.7 kilograms per hectare).
* Potential opium production was estimated at 5,500 tons in 2013, an increase of 49% from its 2012 level (3,700 tons).
* Accounting for 60% of national production, the Southern region continued to produce the vast majority of opium in Afghanistan in 2013. The Western region was the country's second most important opium-producing region, with 22% of national production.
* The gross export value of opium and heroin/morphine exports in 2013 was US$ 3 billion (US$ 2 billion in 2012). The net export value of Afghan opiate exports in 2013 was US$ 2.9 billion. Far smaller, the gross value of the domestic market for the drugs was estimated to be US$ 0.12 billion.
* On average, poppy-growing households in Afghanistan continue to have a higher cash income than non-poppy-growing households.
* Although less so than in the previous year, cannabis cultivation was still related to poppy cultivation in 2013, with 38% of poppy-growing villages reporting cannabis cultivation, whereas only 5% of non-poppy-growing villages reported it.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|