|Titre :||Impacts of the minimum legal drinking age legislation on in-patient morbidity in Canada, 1997-2007: a regression-discontinuity approach (2013)|
|Auteurs :||R. C. CALLAGHAN ; M. SANCHES ; J. M. GATLEY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.108, n°9, September 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||1590-1600|
|Note générale :||
Commentary: Minimum legal drinking age laws protect high school students from both crashes and alcohol abuse. Voas R.B., p. 1601-1602.
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus mots-clésALCOOL ; AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; MORBIDITE ; HOSPITALISATION ; LEGISLATION
Aims: To provide novel, population-based estimates of the influence of minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) legislation on target in-patient hospital events in Canada.
Design: Regression-discontinuity analyses on rates of Canadian in-patient admissions.
Setting: All in-patient hospitalizations in Canada (except Québec) between 1 April 1997 and 31 March 2007.
Participants: Individuals aged 15-22 years admitted to hospital.
Measurements: International Classification of Diseases-9/10 codes for alcohol-use disorders/poisoning, injury, suicide, assault and motor vehicle accidents were considered as target morbidity conditions.
Findings: Compared with the baseline hospitalization rate just prior to the MLDA, admissions at the MLDA rose significantly (P Conclusion: Removal of minimum legal drinking age restrictions is associated with significant population-level increases in hospital admissions among young adults in Canada for alcohol-use disorders/poisoning, as well as for other serious injuries, especially among males. Current international minimum legal drinking age policy discussions should account for the impact of the minimum legal drinking age on severe morbidity outcomes.
Based on data from 1997-2007, removing minimum legal drinking age restrictions in Canada would likely cause substantial increases in hospital admissions among young adults for alcohol-use disorders/poisoning and other serious injuries, especially among men.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||48|
|Affiliation :||Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC, Canada|