|Titre :||Mental health differences between frequent cannabis users with and without dependence and the general population (2013)|
|Auteurs :||P. VAN DER POL ; N. LIEBREGTS ; R. DE GRAAF ; M. TEN HAVE ; D. J. KORF ; W. VAN DEN BRINK ; M. VAN LAAR|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Addiction (Vol.108, n°8, August 2013)|
|Article en page(s) :||1459-1469|
|Discipline :||PSY (Psychopathologie / Psychopathology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECANNABIS ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; SANTE MENTALE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; COMPARAISON ; DEPENDANCE ; POPULATION GENERALE ; USAGE REGULIER ; TYPE D'USAGE
Aims: To compare the prevalence of mental disorders between frequent cannabis users with and without dependence and the general population.
Design: Cross-sectional comparison of interview data.
Setting: Enriched community sample of frequent cannabis users and a representative sample of non-users and non-frequent users from the general population.
Participants: A total of 521 young adult (aged 18-30 years) frequent cannabis users, 252 of whom were with DSM-IV cannabis dependence (D+) and 269 without DSM-IV cannabis dependence (D-), and 1072 young adults from the general population.
Measurements: Multinomial logistic regression was used to compare groups regarding the presence of DSM-IV mental disorders. Detailed measures of cannabis use, childhood adversity and other substance use were considered confounders.
Findings: Compared with the general population, externalizing disorders were more prevalent in D- [odds ratio (OR) = 8.91, P Conclusions: Cannabis use patterns, childhood adversity and the use of other substances are similar in dependent and non-dependent frequent cannabis users. With the exception of more externalizing disorders, the mental health condition of non-dependent frequent cannabis users is similar to that of the general population, whereas it is worse in dependent frequent cannabis users.
Dependent frequent cannabis users have worse mental health than both non-dependent frequent cannabis users and the general population.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||58|
|Affiliation :||Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, the Netherlands|