|Titre :||Middle school students' sources of acquiring cigarettes and requests for proof of age (1999)|
|Auteurs :||E. J. GRATIAS ; D. P. KROWCHUK ; M. R. LAWLESS ; R. H. DURANT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol.25, n°4, October 1999)|
|Article en page(s) :||276-283|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEAGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; ADOLESCENT ; TABAC ; CIGARETTE ; AGE ; CONTROLE D'IDENTITE ; MINEUR ; VENTE ; ACHAT ; LEGISLATION
OBJECTIVES: To identify where and how middle school students acquire cigarettes and to describe factors associated with being asked for identification during their purchase.
METHODS: A modified version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Risk Behavior Survey was administered to 2227 sixth- through eighth-grade students attending 53 randomly selected middle schools in North Carolina in 1995. Data were analyzed with Chi-square tests, Cramer V, Kruskal-Wallis nalysis of variance, and multiple logistic regression using the likelihood ratio approach.
RESULTS: Of the students who had smoked during the previous 30 days, 497 (22.8%) were the focus of the analyses. Fifty-eight percent of current smokers were male and 69% were white. The most frequent source of cigarettes was borrowing (32.1%). Only 16.9% of the students had purchased cigarettes from a store, and 3.9% had purchased cigarettes from a vending machine. Females were more likely (p =1 year older than expected for their school grade. Among the 197 students who had purchased cigarettes during the previous 30 days, only 14.2% had been asked for proof of age. Students who acquired cigarettes from a store were more likely than students who acquired them by other means not to have been asked for proof of age; while having been asked for proof of age was associated with acquiring cigarettes by other means (V = .44, p CONCLUSION: In North Carolina, it was easy for young adolescents to purchase cigarettes illegally, especially for more experienced smokers. However, being asked for proof of age forced these youth to acquire cigarettes using other methods, and this was associated with less smoking. Prevention efforts should include enforcing existing laws requiring youth to provide proof of age when attempting to buy cigarettes.
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Affiliation :||Department of Pediatrics, Brenner's Children's Hospital, Brenner Center for Child and Adolescent Health, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA|