|Titre :||Alternatives to prohibition. Illicit drugs: How we can stop killing and criminalising young Australians : Report of the second Australia21 Roundtable on Illicit Drugs held at The University of Melbourne on 6 July 2012|
|Auteurs :||B. DOUGLAS ; A. WODAK ; D. McDONALD ; Second Australia21 roundtable on illicit drugs (6 July 2012; The University of Melbourne, Australia)|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Weston, ACT : Australia21, 2012|
|Format :||52 p.|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus GéographiqueAUSTRALIE ; EUROPE ; INTERNATIONAL ; PAYS-BAS ; SUISSE ; PORTUGAL ; SUEDE
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPOLITIQUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; PROHIBITION ; COMPARAISON ; RECOMMANDATION ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ET DES DOMMAGES ; DEPENALISATION
This report follows from a Roundtable discussion held in July 2012 to consider new approaches to public policy about illicit drugs in Australia.
An earlier Australia21 report launched in April 2012 had concluded that attempts to control drug use through the criminal justice system have clearly failed. They have also caused the needless and damaging criminalisation of too many young people, often with adverse life-changing consequences, including premature death from overdose.
Australia's illicit drug markets continue to thrive. Young people are being encouraged to experiment because huge profits are made from drug markets controlled by powerful criminal networks. Australia's reported rates of cannabis and ecstasy (MDMA) use are among the highest in the world. Every year, new drug types appear in Australia. But the criminal justice system is unable to stamp out psychoactive drug use. People accused of drug related crimes fill our courts and those convicted fill our prisons.
The collateral damage from efforts to suppress the drug trade continues to disrupt civil society and destroy young lives. About 400 Australians die each year through heroin overdose alone. By international standards our rates of drug-related deaths are extremely high.
The July 2012 Roundtable included a group of 22 high level experts and young people, who examined changes in policy in four European countries and considered future options for Australia. These discussions identified a range of ways in which Australian policy could be reset. Some are modest and incremental reforms, while others are more ambitious and will require wide community consideration.
|Note de contenu :||
2 Two forewords
4 Executive summary
5 Terms used
6 Background to roundtable discussions
10 Prohibition: the case for and against
16 Shifting international attitudes
20 European initiatives
26 Reflections on roundtable discussions
30 The Australian experience
36 Recommendations for action
44 Appendix 1: Letter from distinguished global citizens
46 Appendix 2: Participants, contributors, observers
48 References and acknowledgments
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||31|