|Titre :||Drug-using offenders in the European Union 2000-2004. Contribution to the evaluation of the EU action plan on drugs (2000-2004)|
|Auteurs :||OEDT = EMCDDA|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Lisbon : OEDT / EMCDDA, 2004|
|Format :||10 p.|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEVALUATION ; PLANIFICATION SANITAIRE ; POLITIQUE ; LEGISLATION ; DELIT ; PEINE ALTERNATIVE ; JUSTICE
Thésaurus GéographiqueEUROPE ; UNION EUROPEENNE
Drug use is directly or indirectly prohibited in all EU countries - except for in medical or scientific circumstances - and punishment for offences varies from administrative to penal, depending on the country. This thematic paper analyses current trends in the EU Member States in responses targeting drug-using offenders.
International treaties have long endorsed the principle of providing treatment, education, aftercare and social rehabilitation to drug-using offenders as an alternative - or in addition to - conviction or punishment. In recent years (post UNGASS 1998), they have urged for such services to be provided in prison and have called for close cooperation between the criminal justice and health and social systems.
The EU drug strategy also endorses these principles, stressing the importance of 'full partnership' between the two sectors and requesting Member States to implement alternative measures to imprisonment and provide facilities for addicted prisoners. All Member States (EU 15) now provide measures to divert offenders into treatment and rehabilitation. The new EU strategy, while continuing to influence this approach, should support the need for evidence and evaluation in this area.
Official 'drug texts' (laws, guidelines, strategies, plans) suggest a shift in public perception of the drug problem - today it is seen less in a moral and public-order context and more in terms of public health. Whether the principle 'therapy used instead of punishment' is effectively implemented cannot be confirmed or refuted due to scare data in this field. More research is needed into the effectiveness of 'alternative measures' compared to their declared objectives - both in the community and prisons - and results of best practice should be made available throughout Europe.
|Note de contenu :||
2. International approach to drug-using offenders
3. Therapy instead of punishment?
4. In the context of prison
5. Collaboration health and justice
6. Evaluation of alternative measures
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||EMCDDA 'Strategies and Impact' Programme, Lisbon, Portugal|
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