|Titre :||The influence of socioeconomic status on cannabis use among French adolescents (2012)|
|Auteurs :||S. LEGLEYE ; F. BECK ; M. KHLAT ; P. PERETTI-WATEL ; N. CHAU|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol.50, n°4, April 2012)|
|Article en page(s) :||395-402|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEESCAPAD ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE ; FAMILLE ; CONSOMMATION
Purpose - To investigate the influence of the family socioeconomic status (F-SES) on various intensities and frequencies of cannabis use in late adolescence.
Design/Settings/Participants - Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2008, which was representative of French youth aged 17(n = 39,542). Outcomes were overall use (abstinence, lifetime use, 1-9, and 10+ uses in the past year) for all adolescents, and frequent use for those who smoked cannabis at least 10 times in the past year ( Findings - For overall use, we found a strong positive social gradient: the lower the F-SES or the higher the frequency of use, the lower the odds ratio (OR) (from .85 to .52 for 10+ uses in the past year among farmers). For frequent use, we found a strong negative gradient: the lower the F-SES category, the higher the OR (from 1.02 to 2.05 among inactive/unemployed), and likewise for cannabis use disorder and heavy use (OR = 1.85 and 2.03 among inactive/unemployed).
Conclusions - Adolescents from affluent families are more prone to experimentation with cannabis and to use it at low levels but present lower levels of frequent, heavy, or problematic use than those from other SES categories. Mechanisms that hinder transition to intensive use should be investigated.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||40|
|Affiliation :||Institut National des études Démographiques (Ined), Paris, France|