|Titre :||The economic impact of illicit drug use on American society|
|Auteurs :||National Drug Intelligence Center|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Mention d'édition :||No. 2011-Q0317-002|
|Editeur :||Washington : U.S. Department of Justice, 2011|
|Format :||123 p.|
|Discipline :||SAN (Santé publique / Public health)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASECOUT ; ECONOMIE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; CRIMINALITE ; SANTE ; HOSPITALISATION ; HOMICIDE ; CRIME
Illicit drug use in the United States is estimated to have cost the U.S. economy more than $193 billion in 2007, according to this report.
While a 2008 study by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases found that diabetes costs the United States more than $174 billion each year and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that, from 1995 to 1999, smoking accounted for at least $157 billion annually in health-related economic costs, the NDIC study is the first comprehensive assessment of costs associated with drug use in almost a decade.
The statistical findings presented in the study integrate economic costs in three principal areas:
• Crime: Criminal justice costs, crime victim costs, and other Federal costs for activities including intelligence production, interdiction, source nation assistance, and research and development.
• Health: Specialty treatment costs, hospital and emergency room costs for non-homicide and homicide cases, insurance administration costs, and other health costs.
• Productivity: Labor participation costs (for those who are employed but are not as productive as they might be due to illicit drug use) and incapacitation costs attributable to specialty treatment, hospitalization, incarceration, premature mortality (non-homicide-related), and premature mortality (homicide-related).
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Washington, DC, USA|