|Titre :||Substance-related traffic-risk behaviors among college students (2011)|
|Auteurs :||A. M. ARRIA ; K. M. CALDEIRA ; K. B. VINCENT ; L. M. GARNIER-DYKSTRA ; K. E. O'GRADY|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Drug and Alcohol Dependence (Vol.118, n°2-3, November 2011)|
|Article en page(s) :||306-312|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; CONDUITE DE VEHICULE ; SECURITE ROUTIERE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; PREVALENCE ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; CANNABIS ; DEPENDANCE
AIMS Drunk driving is a major public health concern, but drugged driving has received little attention. This study examines drugged driving and riding with a drugged driver in a college student sample, in terms of prevalence, age-related trends, race/sex differences, overlap with drunk driving, and risk for alcohol and marijuana dependence.
METHODS Students (N = 1194) ages 19-22 were interviewed annually for 3 years about past-year frequency of drugged driving, riding with a drugged/drunk driver, drunk driving, access to a car, and alcohol/drug dependence. Annual follow-up rates were excellent (88-91%). Repeated measures analyses were conducted using generalized estimating equations (GEE).
RESULTS One in six (17%wt) 19-year-olds with access to a car drove drugged in the past year; prevalence remained stable through age 22. Drugged driving was more prevalent among males (p CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of drugged driving is similar to drunk driving among college students. Both are strongly associated with underlying alcohol and drug dependence. Prevention and treatment implications are discussed.
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||Center on Young Adult Health and Development, University of Maryland School of Public Health, Department of Family Science, College Park, MD 20740, USA|