|Titre :||National drug threat assessment 2009|
|Auteurs :||National Drug Intelligence Center|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Johnstown, PA : National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC), 2008|
|Format :||82 p. / ann. ; graph. ; ill. ; tabl.|
|Discipline :||MAR (Marché de la drogue / Drug market)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEMARCHE DE LA DROGUE ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; CONTREBANDE ; TRAFIC ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; PLAQUE TOURNANTE ; CULTURE PRIVEE ; ORGANISATION CRIMINELLE ; COCAINE ; METHAMPHETAMINE ; CANNABIS ; HEROINE ; MEDICAMENTS ; ECSTASY ; BLANCHIMENT ; ARGENT
Thésaurus GéographiqueETATS-UNIS ; AMERIQUE ; MEXIQUE
The National Drug Threat Assessment 2009 outlines the progress and emerging counterdrug challenges in detailed strategic findings, including the following:
Mexican DTOs [drug trafficking organizations] represent the greatest organized crime threat to the United States. Violent urban gangs control most retail-level drug distribution nationally, and some have relocated from inner cities to suburban and rural areas.
Cocaine is the leading drug threat to society. Cocaine availability levels in the United States are lower than 2005 and 2006 levels.
Domestic methamphetamine production is projected to surpass 2007 levels. To increase domestic methamphetamine production, individuals and criminal groups are increasingly circumventing state and federal pseudoephedrine and ephedrine sales restrictions.
The level of domestic outdoor cannabis cultivation is very high and possibly increasing. Marijuana potency has increased to the highest level ever recorded.
Lucrative northeastern white heroin markets are attracting Mexican DTOs that distribute Mexican black tar or brown powder heroin. Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin availability and distribution are limited.
The level of prescription drug abuse is very high, and individuals are able to acquire these drugs from numerous sources.
Asian DTOs are producing MDMA in large clandestine laboratories in Canada.
Sporadic cocaine shortages will most likely continue in several U.S. drug markets in 2009.
Domestic methamphetamine production will most likely increase moderately in 2009.
Asian DTOs will very likely expand their domestic indoor cannabis cultivation operations beyond traditional operating areas in the Pacific Northwest and, to a lesser extent, New England.
Southwest Asian heroin availability may increase in some U.S. cities that were not previously considered Southwest Asian heroin markets.
Mexican DTOs will most likely continue to establish new markets for Mexican heroin in northeastern states.
The Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008 was enacted in October
2008 and will most likely reduce the number of rogue Internet pharmacies selling controlled
Treatment admissions for MDMA addiction may increase. [Extract of the publication]
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
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