|Titre :||Taking chances: problem gamblers and mental health disorders - results from the St. Louis Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study (1998)|
|Auteurs :||R. M. CUNNINGHAM-WILLIAMS ; L. B. COTTLER ; W. M. III COMPTON ; E. L. SPITZNAGEL|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||American Journal of Public Health (Vol.88, n°7, July 1998)|
|Article en page(s) :||1093-1096|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEJEU PATHOLOGIQUE ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; PREVALENCE ; ENQUETE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ; POPULATION GENERALE ; DIAGNOSTIC
OBJECTIVES: This study determined prevalence estimates of problem gambling and relationships to other psychiatric and substance use disorders.
METHODS: In 1981, the Diagnostic Interview Schedule was used to collect epidemiological information on problem gambling and other disorders from 3004 adults in St. Louis, Mo.
RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of pathological gambling was 0.9%; 46% of those surveyed gambled recreationally. Problem gamblers (those reporting at least one gambling-related problem) were 9.2% of the sample and were predominately White (69%), male (78.2%), and young than nongamblers. They were at increased risk for several psychiatric diagnoses, especially for antisocial personality disorder, alcoholism, and tobacco dependence.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians treating alcoholism and tobacco dependence may need to screen for problem gambling. Additional research in the context of increased gambling opportunities is needed.
|Domaine :||Addictions sans produit / Addictions without drug|
|Affiliation :||Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA|