|Titre :||Awareness and practices related to addictive substances among schoolchildren in Lebanon in 2008. MEDSPAD Lebanon|
|Titre original:||(Connaissances et pratiques liées aux substances addictives parmi les jeunes scolarisés au Liban en 2008. MEDSPAD Liban)|
|Auteurs :||Groupe Pompidou|
|Type de document :||Rapport|
|Editeur :||Strasbourg : Conseil de l'Europe, 2009|
|Format :||71 p.|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; CANNABIS ; CIGARETTE ; NARGUILE ; TABAC ; ECSTASY ; CONSOMMATION ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; ADOLESCENT ; PREVALENCE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; EVOLUTION
This survey indicates that the use of various types of drugs in 9th grade schoolchildren is relatively low. Nevertheless, some results must be highlighted:
* These students have already heard not only of hashish, assumed to be an endemic substance in our culture, but also of so-called "hard drugs" such as cocaine and heroine. This finding should assuage any fears that discussing drugs with those children at this level may prematurely "strip them from their innocence". The absence of formal education on drugs at this level can more probably mean that adolescents are left to their own devices to obtain incomplete information. This puts them at an increased risk of under-estimating the dangers of experimenting with those substances.
* Not only have important proportions of children already heard about several categories of drugs, but equally important proportions know of their presence in their social environment. It was surprising and disturbing to find that between 10% to 15% of these children with a mean age of 14-15 already know someone who uses either cocaine or heroin or tranquilizers, more than 20% someone who uses hashish. These figures raise the issue of the ease of access to those substances for adolescents in Lebanon which has to be explored.
* The rapid increase in hashish and Ecstasy use starting age 16 compared to 14-15 suggests that interventions to build lifestyle skills resistant to drug initiation should indeed be started before accessing to the secondary school cycle.
* This survey confirms the predominance of cigarette and nargileh presence in the social environment of these children, and that experimentation and early initiation are relatively frequent. The importance of addressing the issue of nargileh use is highlighted by the higher exposure of these students, when compared to cigarettes. Tobacco use is often performed in familiar settings with no apparent restrictions or stigmatization. The fact that use of one tobacco product increases the risk of using another one further indicates the importance of immediate action on this issue inside schools, but also with parents and society at large. [Extract of the publication]
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||14|
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