|Titre :||An empirical portrait of youthful offenders who sell drugs (2011)|
|Auteurs :||J. J. SHOOK ; M. G. VAUGHN ; S. GOODKIND ; H. JOHNSON|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Criminal Justice (Vol.39, n°3, May-June 2011)|
|Article en page(s) :||224-231|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Humanities and social sciences)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDELINQUANCE ; JEUNE ; REVENDEUR ; COMPORTEMENT ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; CONSOMMATION ; COMPARAISON ; MINEUR
PURPOSE: This study explores the drug dealing behaviors of youthful offenders who sell drugs and examines differences between these offenders and those who do not sell drugs across a variety of measures including types of drugs sold, substance use and behaviors.
METHODS: The sample consists of 227 youthful offenders in two juvenile residential facilities. Chi-square and t-tests are used to assess differences between youth who sell marijuana, hard drugs, and prescription drugs and those youthful offenders who do not sell drugs across a variety of measures.
RESULTS: The majority of youthful offenders in our sample are involved in drug dealing and many are extensively involved. Drug dealing, however, is not tied solely to economic motivations but is connected to patterns of substance use. Youthful offenders who sell drugs are also engaged in patterns of delinquent and other risky behavior at higher levels but the magnitude of differences in substance use and delinquent or risky behaviors varies by type of drugs sold.
CONCLUSIONS: Youthful offenders who sell drugs are embedded in patterns of substance use and delinquent behavior that differ from those who do not sell drugs and interventions for these youth need to be targeted at multiple levels.
► Approximately 70% of youthful offenders in the sample sold drugs or were involved in drug selling.
► Sixty-four percent who reported selling drugs did so daily and 54% sold drugs for more than one year.
► Nearly 69% of the youthful offenders who sold drugs kept more than half of what they purchased.
► Youthful offenders who sold drugs were more likely to use substances than those who did not.
► Youthful offenders who reported selling prescription drugs reported the highest rate of substance use.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||University of Pittsburgh, USA|