|Titre :||Short term impact of smoke-free legislation in England: retrospective analysis of hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (2010)|
|Auteurs :||M. SIMS ; R. MAXWELL ; L. BAULD ; A. GILMORE|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||British Medical Journal (Vol.340, n°7760, 19 June 2010)|
|Article en page(s) :||c2161|
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEEFFICACITE ; LEGISLATION ; TABAC ; HOSPITALISATION ; APPAREIL CARDIOVASCULAIRE ; ARRET CARDIAQUE ; EVOLUTION ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE
Grande étude épidémiologique menée en Angleterre, sur la totalité de la population, soit 49 millions de personnes. Elle confirme que la législation interdisant la consommation de tabac dans les lieux publics a été suivie d'une baisse (- 2,4 %) des hospitalisations en urgence pour infarctus du myocarde, par rapport aux années précédentes.
OBJECTIVE. To measure the short term impact on hospital admissions for myocardial infarction of the introduction of smoke-free legislation in England on 1 July 2007.
DESIGN. An interrupted time series design with routinely collected hospital episode statistics data. Analysis of admissions from July 2002 to September 2008 (providing five years’ data from before the legislation and 15 months’ data from after) using segmented Poisson regression.
POPULATION. All patients aged 18 or older living in England with an emergency admission coded with a primary diagnosis of myocardial infarction.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Weekly number of completed hospital admissions.
RESULTS. After adjustment for secular and seasonal trends and variation in population size, there was a small but significant reduction in the number of emergency admissions for myocardial infarction after the implementation of smoke-free legislation (-2.4%, 95% confidence interval -4.06% to -0.66%, P=0.007). This equates to 1200 fewer emergency admissions for myocardial infarction (1600 including readmissions) in the first year after legislation. The reduction in admissions was significant in men (3.1%, P=0.001) and women (3.8%, P=0.007) aged 60 and over, and men (3.5%, P CONCLUSION. This study adds to a growing body of evidence that smoke-free legislation leads to reductions in myocardial infarctions. It builds on previous work by showing that such declines are observed even when underlying reductions in admissions and potential confounders are controlled for. The considerably smaller decline in admissions observed in England compared with many other jurisdictions probably reflects aspects of the study design and the relatively low levels of exposure to secondhand smoke in England before the legislation. [Journal's abstract]
|Domaine :||Tabac / Tobacco|
|Refs biblio. :||63|
|Affiliation :||A Gilmore, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY United Kingdom / Royaume-Uni|