|Titre :||Alcohol dependence and abuse in three groups at varying familial alcoholism risk (2002)|
|Auteurs :||A. I. ALTERMAN ; J. S. CACCIOLA ; F. D. MULVANEY ; M. J. RUTHERFORD ; J. LANGENBUCHER|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (Vol.70 n°2, 2002)|
|Article en page(s) :||336-343|
|Note générale :||
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2002, 70, (2), 336-343
|Discipline :||EPI (Epidémiologie / Epidemiology)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEALCOOL ; POPULATION A RISQUE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; FAMILLE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE ANALYTIQUE ; DIAGNOSTIC
Three groups of young men varying in familial alcoholism risk were compared for lifetime and current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) diagnoses. A withdrawal gate diagnostic model (WGM) requiring withdrawal for a dependence diagnosis was also evaluated. Extremely high lifetime DSM-IV diagnostic rates were found for all groups (>= 78%), with the highest rate in the highest risk group. Similar group differences obtained for individual criteria or symptoms. Although lifetime diagnostic rates were similar for the WGM and DSM-IV, virtually all cases of dependence were preceded by abuse for the WGM, unlike DSM-IV. The findings underline the importance of distinguishing degrees of familial alcoholism risk. The WGM model temporal onset findings versus DSM-IV and the high lifetime diagnostic rates obtained suggest some limitations of the DSM-IV diagnoses.
|Note de contenu :||tabl.|
|Domaine :||Alcool / Alcohol|
|Refs biblio. :||26|
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia 19104. Email : email@example.com
Etats-Unis. United States.
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|