|Titre :||Validity of the CRAFFT substance abuse screening test among adolescent clinic patients (2002)|
|Titre original:||(Validité du test de dépistage d'abus de substances CRAFFT parmi des patients adolescents reçus en clinique)|
|Auteurs :||J. R. KNIGHT ; L. SHERRITT ; L. A. SHRIER ; S. K. HARRIS ; G. CHANG|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (Vol.156, n°6, June 2002)|
|Article en page(s) :||607-614|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEADOLESCENT ; JEUNE ; TEST ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; EVALUATION ; EFFICACITE ; CRAFFT ; VALIDITE ; ETUDE CLINIQUE
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the CRAFFT substance abuse screening test.
DESIGN: Criterion standard validation study comparing the score on the 6-item CRAFFT test with screening categories determined by a concurrently administered substance-use problem scale and a structured psychiatric diagnostic interview. Screening categories were "any problem" (ie, problem use, abuse, or dependence), "any disorder" (ie, abuse or dependence), and "dependence."
SETTING: A large, hospital-based adolescent clinic.
PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 14 to 18 years arriving for routine health care.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The CRAFFT receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value.
RESULTS: Of the 538 participants, 68.4% were female, and 75.8% were from racial and ethnic minority groups. Diagnostic classifications for substance use during the past 12 months were no use (49.6%), occasional use (23.6%), problem use (10.6%), abuse (9.5%), and dependence (6.7%). Classifications were strongly correlated with the CRAFFT score (Spearman rho, 0.72; P<.001 a crafft score of or higher was optimal for identifying any problem specificity positive predictive value and negative disorder dependence approximately one fourth participants had higher. validity not significantly affected by age sex race.> CONCLUSION: The CRAFFT test is a valid means of screening adolescents for substance-related problems and disorders, which may be common in some general clinic populations.
|Domaine :||Plusieurs produits / Several products|
|Refs biblio. :||42|
|Affiliation :||Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA|
|Numéro Toxibase :||1300497|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|