|Titre :||Mechanisms through which drug, sex partner, and friendship network characteristics relate to risky needle use among high risk youth and young adults (2006)|
|Titre original:||(Mécanismes par lesquels les caractéristiques des réseaux de drogue, de partenaires sexuels ainsique des réseaux amicaux sont liées à l'usage d'aiguilles sans hygiène chez les jeunes et adultes à haut risque)|
|Auteurs :||LAKON C. M. ; S. T. ENNETT ; NORTON E. C.|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Social Science and Medicine (Vol.63, n°9, 2006)|
|Article en page(s) :||2489-2499|
|Discipline :||SHS (Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; JEUNE ; INJECTION ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; PARTENAIRE SEXUEL ; SOCIABILITE
|Résumé :||Drug injector social networks are a primary social space in which risky needle use behaviors associated with HIV transmission occur, but the mechanisms through which these social networks influence risky needle use are unclear. This study investigated two mechanisms, social support and social regulation, through which injection drug users' social networks might relate to risky needle use behaviors. We investigated how these mechanisms work in three types of social networks, namely, drug user, sex partner, and friendship networks. Data are from a study of HIV risk and protective behaviors of youth and young adults, ages 14-43, in the United States who were injection drug users and/or the sexual partners of users (N = 277). The three types of networks were constructed based on information respondents provided about their drug use partners, sexual partners, and friends. The networks were characterized by structural (i.e., size and density) and interactional (i.e., multiplexity and closeness) characteristics. We conducted tests for mediation using ordered probit models and multiple linear regression. In the drug networks, social regulation partially meditated the relationship between multiplexity and risky needle use (p<.10 in the sex partner networks emotional support partially mediated relationship between network size and risky needle use fully closeness multiplexity mediators were not identified friendship networks. findings demonstrate that mechanisms explaining differ for drug user ways consistent with functional nature of each type tie. s abstract>|
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||51|
University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA.
Etats-Unis. United States.
|Numéro Toxibase :||1301944|
|Centre Emetteur :||13 OFDT|