|Titre :||The prescription of dexamphetamine to patients with schizophrenia and amphetamine dependence (2002)|
|Titre traduit :||(Prescription de dexamphétamine à des patients schizophrènes et dépendants aux amphétamines)|
|Auteurs :||T. CARNWATH ; T. GARVEY ; M. HOLLAND|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Journal of Psychopharmacology (Vol.16, n°4, 2002)|
|Article en page(s) :||373-377|
|Discipline :||TRA (Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEAMPHETAMINES ; DEPENDANCE ; SCHIZOPHRENIE ; COMORBIDITE ; PRESCRIPTION MEDICALE ; DEXAMPHETAMINE ; EFFICACITE ; OBSERVANCE DU TRAITEMENT
|Résumé :||Patients with a severe mental illness such as schizophrenia have significant rates of concurrent amphetamine use. Such dual diagnosis patients have been shown to have poorer treatment outcomes. Often, they do not comply with treatment plans and have frequent episodes of hospitalization. There is growing evidence for the role of prescribed dexamphetamine in the treatment of amphetamine dependence. The prescription of dexamphetamine to patients with schizophrenia and amphetamine dependence has not been previously reported. Eight schizophrenic patients are described to whom dexamphetamine has been prescribed, with information being extracted retrospectively from case notes. In four out of eight cases, the prescription of dexamphetamine led to apparently good progress both in terms of substance misuse and psychiatric health. In two cases, progress was more equivocal, but appeared to produce some benefit. Two cases could be judged as treatment failures, but the condition and situation of the patients were not worse at the end of treatment than at the beginning. Compliance with neuroleptics increased in most cases. No patients exhibited exacerbation of psychosis as a result of treatment. The rate of outcome success is satisfactory when consideration is given to the difficult nature of this patient group, and their previous failure to respond to intensive treatment. It is argued that benefits may be gained from increased compliance with psychiatric treatment in patients prescribed amphetamine, and that this may outweigh possible risks. However, any conclusions are tentative in view of the nature of this study. A small open-label prospective study is recommended. (Author' s abstract)|
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Refs biblio. :||25|
Rawnsley Bldg, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9WL.
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
|Numéro Toxibase :||207795|
|Centre Emetteur :||02 Coordonnateur|