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Alcohol problems in the criminal justice system: an opportunity for intervention / L. GRAHAM ; T. PARKES ; A. McAULEY ; L. DOI
Titre : Alcohol problems in the criminal justice system: an opportunity for intervention Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : L. GRAHAM ; T. PARKES ; A. McAULEY ; L. DOI Editeur : Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe Année de publication : 2012 Importance : 28 p. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-92-890-0290-5 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; JUSTICE ; CRIMINALITE ; INTERVENTION ; AUDIT ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; DEPISTAGE ; PRISE EN CHARGE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé : Alcohol is linked with crime, especially violent crime. Many people are incarcerated because of alcohol-related crime. Alcohol is not permitted in prisons except in a very few cases, and illicit use of alcohol in prison is not a major problem. Nevertheless, imprisonment gives an opportunity to tackle alcohol problems in prisoners, with the potential for positive effects on their families and friends and a reduction in the risk of re-offending, the costs to society and health inequalities.
This publication describes an integrated model of care for alcohol problems in prisoners, with elements for best practice. The model starts with assessment of the seriousness of prisoners' alcohol problems, using a validated screening tool, the WHO Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and calls for interventions tailored to prisoners' specific needs.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 51 Affiliation : Public Health, Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, UK Lien : http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/disease-prevention/alcohol-u [...] Permalink : Alcohol-related negative consequences among drinkers around the world / K. GRAHAM ; S. BERNARDS ; R. KNIBBE ; S. KAIROUZ ; S. KUNTSCHE ; S. C. WILSNACK ; T. K. GREENFIELD ; P. DIETZE ; I. OBOT ; G. GMEL in Addiction, Vol.106, n°8 (August 2011)
Titre : Alcohol-related negative consequences among drinkers around the world Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. GRAHAM ; S. BERNARDS ; R. KNIBBE ; S. KAIROUZ ; S. KUNTSCHE ; S. C. WILSNACK ; T. K. GREENFIELD ; P. DIETZE ; I. OBOT ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 1391-1405 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; AUDIT ; CULTUREL ; COMPARAISON ; TYPE D'USAGE ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE ; EFFET SECONDAIRE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : AIMS This paper examines (i) gender and country differences in negative consequences related to drinking; (ii) relative rates of different consequences; and (iii) country-level predictors of consequences.
DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Multi-level analyses used survey data from the Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS) collaboration.
MEASUREMENTS Measures included 17 negative consequences grouped into (i) high endorsement acute, (ii) personal and (iii) social. Country-level measures included average frequency and quantity of drinking, percentage who were current drinkers, gross domestic product (GDP) and Human Development Index (HDI).
FINDINGS Overall, the three groupings of consequences were reported by 44%, 12% and 7% of men and by 31%, 6% and 3% of women, respectively. More men than women endorsed all consequences, but gender differences were greatest for consequences associated with chronic drinking and social consequences related to male roles. The highest prevalence of consequences was in Uganda and lowest in Uruguay. Personal and social consequences were more likely in countries with higher usual quantity, fewer current drinkers and lower scores on GDP and HDI. However, significant interactions with individual-level quantity indicated a stronger relationship between consequences and usual quantity among drinkers in countries with lower quantity, more current drinkers and higher scores on GDP and HDI.
CONCLUSIONS Both gender and country need to be taken into consideration when assessing adverse drinking consequences. Individual measures of alcohol consumption and country-level variables are associated with experiencing such consequences. Additionally, country-level variables affect the strength of the relationship between usual quantity consumed by individuals and adverse consequences.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 51 Affiliation : Social and Epidemiological Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, London, Ontario, Canada Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°8 (August 2011) . - 1391-1405[article]Alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents: The how, what and where of reducing alcohol consumption and related harm among young people / R. PATTON ; P. DELUCA ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; T. PHILLIPS ; C. DRUMMOND in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.49, n°2 (March-April 2014)
Titre : Alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents: The how, what and where of reducing alcohol consumption and related harm among young people Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. PATTON ; P. DELUCA ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; T. PHILLIPS ; C. DRUMMOND Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 207-212 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; DEPISTAGE ; EFFICACITE ; CRAFFT ; AUDIT
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé : Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the evidence base on alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents to determine age appropriate screening tools, effective brief interventions and appropriate locations to undertake these activities.
Methods: A review of existing reviews (2003-2013) and a systematic review of recent research not included in earlier reviews.
Results: The CRAFFT and AUDIT tools are recommended for identification of ‘at risk’ adolescents. Motivational interventions delivered over one or more sessions and based in health care or educational settings are effective at reducing levels of consumption and alcohol-related harm.
Conclusion: Further research to develop age appropriate screening tools needs to be undertaken. Screening and brief intervention activity should be undertaken in settings where young people are likely to present; further assessment at such venues as paediatric emergency departments, sexual health clinics and youth offending teams should be evaluated. The use of electronic (web/smart-phone based) screening and intervention shows promise and should also be the focus of future research.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Addictions Department, National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agt165 Permalink :
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.49, n°2 (March-April 2014) . - 207-212[article]Alcohol screening in young persons attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic. Comparison of AUDIT, CRAFFT and CAGE instruments / R. L. COOK ; T. CHUNG ; T. M. KELLY ; D. B. CLARK in Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol.20, n°1 (January 2005)
Titre : Alcohol screening in young persons attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic. Comparison of AUDIT, CRAFFT and CAGE instruments Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. L. COOK ; T. CHUNG ; T. M. KELLY ; D. B. CLARK Année de publication : 2005 Article en page(s) : 1-6 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; ADOLESCENT ; JEUNE ; DEPISTAGE ; COMPARAISON ; TEST ; AUDIT ; CRAFFT
Résumé : OBJECTIVE: To compare the ability of 3 brief alcohol screens (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [AUDIT], CRAFFT, and CAGE) to identify adolescents and young adults with a current alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to determine whether there are gender-based or race-based differences in screening performance.
DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of 358 young persons (55% males; 49% blacks; age range, 15–24 years; mean age, 20.6 years) who were attending an urban clinic for sexually transmitted diseases and reported alcohol use during the past year.
MEASUREMENTS: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the ability of the 3 screens to discriminate between participants with and without AUDs detected in the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID).
RESULTS: One third (33%) of participants met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) criteria for a current AUD (24% with alcohol abuse and 9% with alcohol dependence). The AUDIT performed best at a cut score of 9 (sensitivity, 0.76; specificity, 0.79), CRAFFT at a cut score of 2 (sensitivity, 0.94; specificity, 0.33), and CAGE at a cut score of 1 (sensitivity, 0.69; specificity, 0.63). The AUDIT had the best overall performance (area under the curve [AUC], 0.84), followed closely by CRAFFT (AUC, 0.79) and then CAGE (AUC, 0.70). Performance of screens did not differ by gender. The AUDIT performed slightly better in whites than blacks, but no race-based differences were observed for the CAGE or CRAFFT.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should use the AUDIT or CRAFFT, rather than the CAGE, to screen young persons for AUDs. The AUDIT performs best, but its length may limit its utility in this setting. The CRAFFT is a suitable alternative, with excellent sensitivity and no gender-based or race-based differences.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : Division of General Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Lien : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1490040/ Permalink :
in Journal of General Internal Medicine > Vol.20, n°1 (January 2005) . - 1-6[article]Alcohol survey measures for Europe: A literature review / K. BLOOMFIELD ; A. HOPE ; L. KRAUS in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol.20, n°5 (October 2013)
Titre : Alcohol survey measures for Europe: A literature review Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. BLOOMFIELD ; A. HOPE ; L. KRAUS Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 348-360 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; METHODE ; TEST ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; AUDIT ; DIAGNOSTIC
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : This article reports the results of a purposive review of the different alcohol survey instruments currently used in survey research. The review was conducted to support the development of a standardized comparative survey methodology for Europe. It examines various types of instruments used to measure alcohol consumption, risky drinking, alcohol abuse and dependence, social consequences and third-party harm. The review of literature provides several insights for a European comparative survey. The beverage-specific quantity-frequency measure is recommended for use across countries. A reference period of 1 year for alcohol consumption is considered important if one is to link associated problems with alcohol intake. With regard to risky drinking, objective measures based on the quantity of approximately 60-70 g of ethanol per drinking occasion are preferable to subjective measures of drunkenness. In choosing an instrument for measuring abuse and dependence, the key issue is to decide whether the instrument is to serve as a screening or diagnostic tool. In the case of screening, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test or the Rapid Alcohol Problem Screen-4 appears more appropriate. But if one desires to approximate a diagnostic category, then the Composite International Diagnostic Interview or another operationalization of ICD-10/DSM-IV criteria would be the better choice. Due to a lack of validated scales for social consequences and third-party harm, no recommendations are justified. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Copenhagen, Denmark Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2011.642906 Permalink :
in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy > Vol.20, n°5 (October 2013) . - 348-360[article]L'alcool en France et ses conséquences médicales et sociales : regard de l'entourage et des médecins généralistes / N. HOERTEL ; A. CROCHARD ; F. ROUILLON ; F. LIMOSIN in Encéphale (L'), Vol.40, Suppl.1 (Avril 2014)PermalinkAUDIT: the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Guidelines for use in primary care / T. F. BABOR ; J. C. HIGGINS-BIDDLE ; J. B. SAUNDERS ; M. G. MONTEIROPermalinkBoissons énergisantes en milieu étudiant : le produit, les raisons d'en consommer, leur association avec l'alcool / P. ARVERS in Courrier des Addictions (Le), Vol.13, n°4 (Octobre-novembre-décembre 2011)PermalinkBrief intervention : for hazardous and harmful drinking. A manual for use in primary care / T. F. BABORPermalinkBrief interventions in dependent drinkers: a comparative prospective analysis in two hospitals / K. COBAIN ; L. OWENS ; R. FITZGERALD ; I. GILMORE ; M. PIRMOHAMED in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.46, n°4 (July-August 2011)PermalinkBrief screens for detecting alcohol use disorder among 18-20 year old young adults in emergency departments: Comparing AUDIT-C, CRAFFT, RAPS4-QF, FAST, RUFT-Cut, and DSM-IV 2-Item Scale / T. M. KELLY ; J. E. DONOVAN ; T. CHUNG ; O. G. BUKSTEIN ; J. R. CORNELIUS in Addictive Behaviors, Vol.34, n°8 (August 2009)PermalinkCAGE, RAPS4, RAPS4-QF and AUDIT screening tests for men and women admitted for acute alcohol intoxication to an emergency department: Are standard thresholds appropriate? / J. GENESTE ; B. PEREIRA ; B. ARNAUD ; N. CHRISTOL ; J. LIOTIER ; O. BLANC ; F. TEISSEDRE ; S. HOPE ; R. SCHWAN ; P. M. LLORCA ; J. SCHMIDT ; C. J. CHERPITEL ; L. MALET ; G. BROUSSE in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.47, n°3 (May-June 2012)PermalinkComparative performance of the AUDIT-C in screening for DSM-IV and DSM-5 alcohol use disorders / D. A. DAWSON ; S. M. SMITH ; T. D. SAHA ; A. D. RUBINSKY ; B. F. GRANT in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.126, n°3 (December 2012)PermalinkComparison between the WHO and NIAAA criteria for binge drinking on drinking features and alcohol-related aftermaths: Results from a cross-sectional study among eight emergency wards in France / B. ROLLAND ; I. D. CHAZERON ; F. CARPENTIER ; F. MOUSTAFA ; A. VIALLON ; X. JACOB ; P. LESAGE ; D. RAGONNET ; A. GENTY ; J. GENESTE ; E. POULET ; M. DEMATTEIS ; P. M. LLORCA ; M. NAASSILA ; G. BROUSSE in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.175 (June 2017)PermalinkLa consommation excessive d'alcool : un lourd fardeau pour l'entourage / N. HOERTEL ; A. CROCHARD ; F. LIMOSIN ; F. ROUILLON in Encéphale (L'), Vol.40, Suppl.1 (Avril 2014)Permalink