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Adding tobacco to cannabis - its frequency and likely implications / R. E. BELANGER ; C. AKRÉ ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL ; J. C. SURIS in Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol.13, n°8 (August 2011)
Titre : Adding tobacco to cannabis - its frequency and likely implications Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. E. BELANGER ; C. AKRÉ ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL ; J. C. SURIS Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 746-750 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ESPAD ; ENQUETE ; ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; TABAC ; PREVALENCE ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; TYPE D'USAGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : INTRODUCTION: Young cannabis users are at increased risk of later cigarette initiation and progression to nicotine addiction. The present study addresses the frequency at which mulling (adding tobacco to cannabis smoked as joints) is performed and in which way this practice varies according to cigarette smoking status.
METHODS: Data were issued from the Swiss 2007 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD). A total of 881 past month cannabis users (mean age 15 years, boys 60.1%) were inquired on mulling using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Participants were further grouped according to their cigarette smoking status (daily, occasional, former, and never-smokers).
RESULTS: Four of every 5 cannabis users depicted mulling as frequently performed. The highest occurrence was found among daily cigarette smokers (DSC; 90.3%), while former cigarette smokers reported the lowest (58.9%). The multinomial logistic regression showed DSC more likely reporting mulling as frequent compared with never-smokers (risk ratio = 3.56 [95% CI 1.55-8.21]).
CONCLUSIONS: Mulling appears to be a very common process among young cannabis users, especially among concomitant cigarette smokers. Nevertheless, the majority of cigarette abstainers also reported frequently adding tobacco to the cannabis they smoke. Because it may represent a significant exposition to nicotine, mulling should be taken into account when assessing substance use among adolescents and in supporting their quitting attempts.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Research Group on Adolescent Health, Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Epalinges, Switzerland Permalink :
in Nicotine and Tobacco Research > Vol.13, n°8 (August 2011) . - 746-750[article]Adolescent drinking patterns across countries: Associations with alcohol policies / C. GILLIGAN ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.47, n°6 (November-December 2012)
Titre : Adolescent drinking patterns across countries: Associations with alcohol policies Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. GILLIGAN ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 732-737 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
HBSC ; AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; ENQUETE ; ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; POLITIQUE ; COMPARAISON ; PRIX ; PREVALENCE ; IVRESSE ; ESPAD ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
EUROPE ; AMERIQUE DU NORD
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé : Early consumption of full servings of alcohol and early experience of drunkenness have been linked with alcohol-related harmful effects in adolescence, as well as adult health and social problems. On the basis of secondary analysis of county-level prevalence data, the present study explored the current pattern of drinking and drunkenness among 15- and 16-year-old adolescents in 40 European and North American countries. Data from the 2006 Health Behavior in School Children survey and the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs were used. The potential role of alcohol control and policy measures in explaining variance in drinking patterns across countries was also examined. Policy measures and data on adult consumption patterns were taken from the WHO Global Information System on Alcohol and Health, Eurostat and the indicator of alcohol control policy strength developed by Brand DA, Saisana M, Rynn LA et al. [(2007) Comparative analysis of alcohol control policies in 30 countries. PLoS Med 4:e151.]. We found that a non-significant trend existed whereby higher prices and stronger alcohol controls were associated with a lower proportion of weekly drinking but a higher proportion of drunkenness. It is important that future research explores the causal relationships between alcohol policy measures and alcohol consumption patterns to determine whether strict policies do in fact have any beneficial effect on drinking patterns, or rather, lead to rebellion and an increased prevalence of binge drinking. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : Discipline of Health Behaviour Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia Permalink :
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.47, n°6 (November-December 2012) . - 732-737[article]Adolescents de 15-16 ans en France : consommation d'alcool stable, tabac et cannabis en hausse / S. SPILKA in Santé de l'Homme (La), n°419 (Mai-Juin 2012)
Titre : Adolescents de 15-16 ans en France : consommation d'alcool stable, tabac et cannabis en hausse Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. SPILKA Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 45-46 Langues : Français (fre) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
FRANCE ; EUROPE
ESPAD ; ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Selon les derniers résultats de l'enquête européenne Espad réalisée auprès des 15-16 ans, la consommation d'alcool, en France, reste stable, tandis que l'usage de tabac et de cannabis augmente, plaçant notamment la France en première position en Europe. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 2 Affiliation : OFDT, France Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://www.inpes.sante.fr/SLH/sommaires/419.asp Permalink :
in Santé de l'Homme (La) > n°419 (Mai-Juin 2012) . - 45-46[article]Adolescents drink less: How, who and why? A review of the recent research literature / H. PAPE ; I. ROSSOW ; G. S. BRUNBORG in Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol.37, Suppl.1 (April 2018)
Titre : Adolescents drink less: How, who and why? A review of the recent research literature Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : H. PAPE ; I. ROSSOW ; G. S. BRUNBORG Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : S98-S114 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; EVOLUTION ; PREVALENCE ; REDUCTION DE CONSOMMATION ; HBSC ; ESPAD
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : ISSUES: Today's teenagers have been described as a sober generation and we asked: 'What is known about the recent decline in youth drinking?'
APPROACH: A literature review (2005-2017).
KEY FINDINGS: Research from wealthier parts of the world provides solid evidence of less alcohol use by youth since the millennium shift. Some studies show that this is reflected at all levels of consumption, but there are also indications that the heaviest drinkers have not reduced their drinking. The decrease is predominately seen in underage youth, and has been larger for boys than for girls in several countries. Teenagers across social strata drink less, but some disadvantaged subgroups have not followed the downward trend. Underage drinkers have apparently not become a more deviant group as the prevalence of drinking has dropped, indicating no hardening of the group. The major gap in the literature pertains to the issue of underlying driving forces. We found no evidence in support of the widespread assumption that the digital revolution has been of importance. A decline in parenting practices that are conductive to underage drinking has occurred in several countries, but studies examining whether these changes have contributed to less alcohol use by youth are almost non-existent.
IMPLICATIONS: To inform alcohol policy and prevention, it is imperative to find out why teenage drinking has decreased in a fairly consistent way across numerous countries.
CONCLUSION: Future research into the issue of falling prevalence rates of youth drinking should focus on possible explanatory factors at the population level rather than at the individual level.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 118 Affiliation : Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway Permalink :
in Drug and Alcohol Review > Vol.37, Suppl.1 (April 2018) . - S98-S114[article]Alcohol and drug use among European 17-18 year old students. Data from the ESPAD project / B. ANDERSSON
Accompagne The 2003 ESPAD Report. Alcohol and other drug use among students in 35 European countries / Groupe Pompidou ; CAN ; B. HIBELL ; B. ANDERSSON ; T. BJARNASON ; S. AHLSTRÖM ; O. BALAKIREVA ; A. KOKKEVI ; M. MORGAN
Titre : Alcohol and drug use among European 17-18 year old students. Data from the ESPAD project Titre traduit : (L'usage d'alcool et de drogues chez les étudiants européens de 17-18 ans. Les données du projet ESPAD.) Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : B. ANDERSSON ; B. HIBELL ; F. BECK ; M. CHOQUET ; A. KOKKEVI ; A. FOTIOU ; S. MOLINARO ; A. NOCIAR ; J. SIEROSLAWSKI ; M. TRAPENCIERIS Editeur : Stockholm : CAN (The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs) Année de publication : 2007 Autre Editeur : Strasbourg : Conseil de l'Europe Importance : 156 p. Présentation : ann. ; graph. ; tabl. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 978-91-7278-005-7 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
MILIEU ETUDIANT ; ALCOOL ; PRODUIT ILLICITE ; ADOLESCENT ; ENQUETE ; TABAC ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; ESPAD
FRANCE ; EUROPE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : The three large ESPAD (The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) surveys that were conducted in 1995, 1999 and 2003 investigated the use of alcohol and other drugs among students aged 15-16 (Hibell, Andersson et al 1997, Hibell, Andersson et al 2000, Hibell, Andersson et al 2004).
Over the years an increasing number of countries have joined the project and in the last survey 35 European countries collaborated on data collections on nationally representative samples. In some countries these surveys have covered also other age groups, since this have been of important national interest. In 2003 eight ESPAD countries collected data also among students aged 17-18, i.e. students born in 1985. These countries are: France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic and Sweden.
Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Affiliation : Suède. Sweden. Numéro Toxibase : 1302049 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : E00582-3 B Lien : http://www.espad.org/sites/espad.org/files/17_18_Year_Old_Students_Full_Report.p [...] Permalink : Alcohol control policies and alcohol consumption by youth: a multi-national study / M. J. PASCHALL ; J. W. GRUBE ; K. KYPRI in Addiction, Vol.104, n°11 (November 2009)PermalinkAlcohol use, heavy episodic drinking and subsequent problems among adolescents in 23 European countries: does the prevention paradox apply? / A. K. DANIELSSON ; P. WENNBERG ; B. HIBELL ; A. ROMELSJO in Addiction, Vol.107, n°1 (January 2012)PermalinkAlcohol use in adolescence: Identifying harms related to teenager's alcohol drinking / H. M. LAVIKAINEN in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.14 n°1 (2009)PermalinkAlcool, tabac, cannabis et autres drogues illicites parmi les élèves de collège et de lycée. ESPAD 99 France. Tome II / F. BECKPermalinkAn overview of the market for alcoholic beverages of potentially particular appeal to minors / P. ANDERSON ; M. SUHRCKE ; C. BROOKESPermalinkAre cannabis prevalence estimates comparable across countries and regions? A cross-cultural validation using search engine query data / M. STEPPAN ; L. KRAUS ; D. PIONTEK ; V. SICILIANO in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.24, n°1 (January 2013)PermalinkAssessing the structure of the CAST (Cannabis Abuse Screening Test) in 13 European countries using multigroup analyses / S. LEGLEYE ; A. ESLAMI ; S. BOUGEARD in International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, Vol.26, n°1 (March 2017)PermalinkBridging supply and demand: Relationship between cocaine seizures and prevalence estimates of consumption / L. LEONE ; M. SCATIGNA ; A. DONATI ; C. PESCE in Public Health, Vol.126, n°9 (September 2012)PermalinkCannabis (chapitre 3) / OEDT = EMCDDAPermalinkCannabis supply and demand reduction: Evidence from the ESPAD study of adolescents in 31 European countries / T. BJARNASON ; A. STERIU ; A. KOKKEVI in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol.17, n°2 (April 2010)Permalink