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Acculturation, familism, parental monitoring and knowledge as predictors of marijuana and inhalant use in adolescents / RAMIREZ J. R. in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol.18, n°1 (March 2004)
Titre : Acculturation, familism, parental monitoring and knowledge as predictors of marijuana and inhalant use in adolescents Titre traduit : (Acculturation, milieu familial, soutien parental et connaissances en tant que prédicteurs de la consommation de marijuana et d'inhalants chez les adolescents) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : RAMIREZ J. R. ; W. D. CRANO ; R. QUIST ; BURGOON M. ; E. M. ALVARO ; GRANDPRE J. Année de publication : 2004 Article en page(s) : 3-11 Présentation : graph. ; tabl. Note générale : Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2004, 18, (1), 3-11 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; INHALANTS ; CONSOMMATION ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; FAMILLE ; RELATION PARENT ENFANT
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : The authors investigated relationships between marijuana and inhalant use and several cultural and demographic factors in Anglo American and Hispanic American adolescents (N = 1,094). Outcome measures assessed lifetime and 30-day marijuana and inhalant use. Predictors and covariates used in logistic regression analyses were region, grade, gender, knowledge, acculturation, familism, and parental monitoring. Hispanic Americans exhibited higher usage across all measures. In this group, high acculturation was associated with low marijuana, but high inhalant, use. Across all participants, positive family relations and parental monitoring were strongly associated with attenuated marijuana use but only among those most knowledgeable about drugs. Familism and monitoring were not associated with diminished usage among the less knowledgeable. For inhalants, monitoring combined with high knowledge or high familism was associated with diminished usage. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 37 Affiliation : Dept. Psychol., Claremont Graduate Univ., 123 East 8th St., Claremont CA 91711, Etats-Unis. United States. Numéro Toxibase : 207437 Centre Emetteur : 02 Coordonnateur Permalink :
in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors > Vol.18, n°1 (March 2004) . - 3-11[article]Adolescent alcohol and tobacco use and early socioeconomic position: The ALSPAC birth cohort / R. MELOTTI ; J. HERON ; M. HICKMAN ; J. MACLEOD ; R. ARAYA ; G. LEWIS in Pediatrics, Vol.127, n°4 (April 2011)
Titre : Adolescent alcohol and tobacco use and early socioeconomic position: The ALSPAC birth cohort Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. MELOTTI ; J. HERON ; M. HICKMAN ; J. MACLEOD ; R. ARAYA ; G. LEWIS Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : e948-e955 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; COHORTE ; ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE ; PARENT ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Objective: To examine the association between use of alcohol and cigarettes among adolescents and their early socioeconomic background. Methods: Members of a longitudinal birth cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children [ALSPAC], United Kingdom) were invited to attend a personal interview. A total of 5837 children aged 13 years were asked about previous consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Information on parental socioeconomic position, collected from questionnaires from the mother, included both social class and education of the expectant mother and her partner and average household disposable income in early preschool childhood. The impact of missing data was assessed by multiple imputation. Results: Consuming a drink of alcohol in the previous 6 months was linearly associated with higher income levels even when adjusting for other socioeconomic indicators. In contrast, both the risk of binge drinking and recent drinking was lower for children whose mothers had a higher educational level. Smoking tobacco was associated with lower socioeconomic position irrespective of the indicator used. Analyses after imputation of missing data confirmed these associations. Conclusions: Alcohol drinking was more common in young people from higher-income households but less common with higher levels of maternal education. A consistent inverse socioeconomic gradient with tobacco smoking was apparent. These results may reflect how different aspects of socioeconomic position can influence health behavior in opposing directions. Higher income may increase the availability of alcohol in the family, whereas mothers with higher educational attainment might encourage more healthy behaviors in their children, including reduced alcohol use. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 42 Affiliation : School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom / Royaume-Uni Cote : A04102 Permalink :
in Pediatrics > Vol.127, n°4 (April 2011) . - e948-e955[article]Adolescent cannabis and tobacco use and educational outcomes at age 16: birth cohort study / A. I. STIBY ; M. HICKMAN ; M. R. MUNAFO ; J. HERON ; V. L. YIP ; J. MACLEOD in Addiction, Vol.110, n°4 (April 2015)
Titre : Adolescent cannabis and tobacco use and educational outcomes at age 16: birth cohort study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. I. STIBY ; M. HICKMAN ; M. R. MUNAFO ; J. HERON ; V. L. YIP ; J. MACLEOD Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 658-668 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ANGLETERRE ; ROYAUME-UNI
ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; NIVEAU DE CONNAISSANCE ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; ABANDON SCOLAIRE ; COHORTE ; DOSE-REPONSE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Aims: To investigate the relationship between cannabis and tobacco use by age 15 and subsequent educational outcomes.
Design: Birth cohort study.
Participants: The sample was drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children; a core sample of 1155 individuals had complete information on all the variables.
Measurements: The main exposures were cannabis and tobacco use at age 15 assessed in clinic by computer-assisted questionnaire and serum cotinine. The main outcomes were performance in standardized assessments at 16 [Key Stage 4, General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE)] in English and mathematics (mean scores), completion of five or more assessments at grade C level or higher and leaving school having achieved no qualifications. Analyses were sequentially adjusted for multiple covariates using a hierarchical approach. Covariates considered were: maternal substance use (ever tobacco or cannabis use, alcohol use above recommended limits); life course socio-economic position (family occupational class, maternal education, family income); child sex; month and year of birth; child educational attainment prior to age 11 (Key Stage 2); child substance use (tobacco, alcohol and cannabis) prior to age 15 and child conduct disorder.
Findings: In fully adjusted models both cannabis and tobacco use at age 15 were associated with subsequent adverse educational outcomes. In general, the dose-response effect seen was consistent across all educational outcomes assessed. Weekly cannabis use was associated negatively with English GCSE results [grade point difference (GPD), -5.93, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -8.34, -3.53] and with mathematics GCSE results (GPD, -6.91, 95% CI = -9.92, -3.89). Daily tobacco smoking was associated negatively with English GCSE (GPD, -11.90, 95% CI = -13.47, -10.33) and with mathematics GCSE (GPD, -16.72, 95% CI = -18.57, -14.86). The greatest attenuation of these effects was seen on adjustment for other substance use and conduct disorder. Following adjustment, tobacco appeared to have a consistently stronger effect than cannabis.
Conclusions: Both cannabis and tobacco use in adolescence are associated strongly with subsequent adverse educational outcomes. Given the non-specific patterns of association seen and the attenuation of estimates on adjustment, it is possible that these effects arise through non-causal mechanisms, although a causal explanation cannot be discounted.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 30 Affiliation : School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12827 Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.110, n°4 (April 2015) . - 658-668[article]Alcohol and cannabis use among adolescents in Flemish secondary school in Brussels: effects of type of education / H. BERTEN ; D. CARDOEN ; R. BRONDEEL ; N. VETTENBURG in BMC Public Health, Vol.12, n°215 (2012)
Titre : Alcohol and cannabis use among adolescents in Flemish secondary school in Brussels: effects of type of education Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : H. BERTEN ; D. CARDOEN ; R. BRONDEEL ; N. VETTENBURG Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 9 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; CANNABIS ; ENSEIGNEMENT SECONDAIRE ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; EDUCATION ; ENQUETE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; INCIDENCE ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : BACKGROUND: Research regarding socio-economic differences in alcohol and drug use in adolescence yields mixed results. This study hypothesizes that (1) when using education type as a proxy of one's social status, clear differences will exist between students from different types of education, regardless of students' familial socio-economic background; (2) and that the effects of education type differ according to their cultural background.
METHODS: Data from the Brussels youth monitor were used, a school survey administered among 1,488 adolescents from the 3rd to 6th year of Flemish secondary education. Data were analyzed using multilevel logistic regression models.
RESULTS: Controlling for their familial background, the results show that native students in lower educational tracks use alcohol and cannabis more often than students in upper educational tracks. Such a relationship was not found for students from another ethnic background.
CONCLUSION: Results from this study indicate that research into health risks should take into account both adolescents' familial background and individual social position as different components of youngsters' socio-economic background.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 50 Affiliation : Department of Social Welfare Studies, Ghent, Belgium Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-215 Permalink :
in BMC Public Health > Vol.12, n°215 (2012) . - 9 p.[article]Alcohol and student performance: Estimating the effect of legal access / J. M. LINDO ; I. D. SWENSEN ; G. R. WADDELL in Journal of Health Economics, Vol.32, n°1 (January 2013)
Titre : Alcohol and student performance: Estimating the effect of legal access Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. M. LINDO ; I. D. SWENSEN ; G. R. WADDELL Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 22-32 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; ALCOOL ; JEUNE ; MILIEU ETUDIANT ; DIFFUSION DES PRODUITS ; PERFORMANCE ; LEGISLATION ; NIVEAU D'ETUDES ; MODELE STATISTIQUE
Discipline : LOI Loi et son application / Law enforcement Résumé : We consider the effect of legal access to alcohol on student achievement. Our preferred approach identifies the effect through changes in one's performance after gaining legal access to alcohol, controlling flexibly for the expected evolution of grades as one makes progress towards their degree. We also report RD-based estimates but argue that an RD design is not well suited to the research question in our setting. We find that students’ grades fall below their expected levels upon being able to drink legally, but by less than previously documented. We also show that there are effects on women and that the effects are persistent. Using the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we show that students drink more often after legal access but do not consume more drinks on days on which they drink. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : University of Oregon, USA Lien : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167629612001476 Permalink :
in Journal of Health Economics > Vol.32, n°1 (January 2013) . - 22-32[article]Are adolescents with high socioeconomic status more likely to engage in alcohol and illicit drug use in early adulthood? / J. L. HUMENSKY in Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Vol.5, n°19 (2010)PermalinkAre IQ and educational outcomes in teenagers related to their cannabis use? A prospective cohort study / C. MOKRYSZ ; R. LANDY ; S. H. GAGE ; M. R. MUNAFO ; J. P. ROISER ; H. V. CURRAN in Journal of Psychopharmacology, Vol.30, n°2 (February 2016)PermalinkAssociations of adolescent cannabis use with academic performance and mental health: A longitudinal study of upper middle class youth / M. H. MEIER ; M. L. HILL ; P. J. SMALL ; S. S. LUTHAR in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.156 (November 2015)PermalinkCannabis and educational achievement / D. M. FERGUSSONPermalinkCannabis use and educational achievement: findings from three Australasian cohort studies / L. J. HORWOOD ; D. M. FERGUSSON ; M. R. HAYATBAKHSH ; J. M. NAJMAN ; C. COFFEY ; G. C. PATTON ; E. SILINS ; D. M. HUTCHINSON in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.110, n°3 (August 2010)PermalinkChanges in mortality inequalities over two decades: register based study of European countries / J. P. MACKENBACH ; I. KULHANOVA ; B. ARTNIK ; M. BOPP ; C. BORRELL ; T. CLEMENS ; G. COSTA ; C. DIBBEN ; R. KALEDIENE ; O. LUNDBERG ; P. MARTIKAINEN ; G. MENVIELLE ; O. OSTERGREN ; R. PROCHORSKAS ; M. RODRIGUEZ-SANZ ; B. H. STRAND ; C. W. N. LOOMAN ; R. DE GELDER in British Medical Journal, Vol.353, n°8053 (11 April 2016)PermalinkCohort changes in educational disparities in smoking: France, Germany and the United States / F. PAMPEL ; S. LEGLEYE ; C. GOFFETTE ; D. PIONTEK ; L. KRAUS ; M. KHLAT in Social Science and Medicine, Vol.127 (February 2015)PermalinkLa culture jeune : la fin d'un mythe / V. MESLET in Esprit, n°10 (Octobre 1996)PermalinkDeterioration of academic achievement and marijuana use onset among rural adolescents / K. L. HENRYPermalinkDisadvantaged social groups and the cigarette epidemic: Limits of the diffusion of innovations vision [Commentary] / M. KHLAT ; F. PAMPEL ; D. BRICARD ; S. LEGLEYE in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol.13, n°12 (December 2016)Permalink