Détail de l'auteur
Auteur M. McKEE
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur
Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
Alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease, cancer, injury, admission to hospital, and mortality: a prospective cohort study / A. SMYTH ; K. K. TEO ; S. RANGARAJAN ; M. O'DONNELL ; X. ZHANG ; P. RANA ; D. P. LEONG ; G. DAGENAIS ; P. SERON ; A. ROSENGREN ; A. E. SCHUTTE ; P. LOPEZ-JARAMILLO ; A. OGUZ ; J. CHIFAMBA ; R. DIAZ ; S. LEAR ; A. AVEZUM ; R. KUMAR ; V. MOHAN ; A. SZUBA ; L. WEI ; W. YANG ; B. JIAN ; M. McKEE ; S. YUSUF in Lancet (The), Vol.386, n°10007 (November 14, 2015)
Titre : Alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease, cancer, injury, admission to hospital, and mortality: a prospective cohort study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. SMYTH ; K. K. TEO ; S. RANGARAJAN ; M. O'DONNELL ; X. ZHANG ; P. RANA ; D. P. LEONG ; G. DAGENAIS ; P. SERON ; A. ROSENGREN ; A. E. SCHUTTE ; P. LOPEZ-JARAMILLO ; A. OGUZ ; J. CHIFAMBA ; R. DIAZ ; S. LEAR ; A. AVEZUM ; R. KUMAR ; V. MOHAN ; A. SZUBA ; L. WEI ; W. YANG ; B. JIAN ; M. McKEE ; S. YUSUF Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 1945-1954 Note générale : Comment: Connor J.P., Hall W. (2015) Alcohol burden in low-income and middle-income countries. The Lancet, Vol. 386, n° 10007, p. 1922-1924. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; ETUDE PROSPECTIVE ; COHORTE ; COEUR ; CANCER ; APPAREIL CARDIOVASCULAIRE ; ADMISSION ; MORTALITE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; REVENU ; BOISSON ALCOOLISEE ; TYPE D'USAGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background: Alcohol consumption is proposed to be the third most important modifiable risk factor for death and disability. However, alcohol consumption has been associated with both benefits and harms, and previous studies were mostly done in high-income countries. We investigated associations between alcohol consumption and outcomes in a prospective cohort of countries at different economic levels in five continents.
Methods: We included information from 12 countries participating in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study, a prospective cohort study of individuals aged 35-70 years. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to study associations with mortality (n=2723), cardiovascular disease (n=2742), myocardial infarction (n=979), stroke (n=817), alcohol-related cancer (n=764), injury (n=824), admission to hospital (n=8786), and for a composite of these outcomes (n=11 963).
Findings: We included 114 970 adults, of whom 12 904 (11%) were from high-income countries (HICs), 24 408 (21%) were from upper-middle-income countries (UMICs), 48 845 (43%) were from lower-middle-income countries (LMICs), and 28 813 (25%) were from low-income countries (LICs). Median follow-up was 4.3 years (IQR 3.0-6.0). Current drinking was reported by 36 030 (31%) individuals, and was associated with reduced myocardial infarction (hazard ratio [HR] 0.76 [95% CI 0.63-0.93]), but increased alcohol-related cancers (HR 1.51 [1.22-1.89]) and injury (HR 1.29 [1.04-1.61]). High intake was associated with increased mortality (HR 1.31 [1.04-1.66]). Compared with never drinkers, we identified significantly reduced hazards for the composite outcome for current drinkers in HICs and UMICs (HR 0.84 [0.77-0.92]), but not in LMICs and LICs, for which we identified no reductions in this outcome (HR 1.07 [0.95-1.21]; p(interaction) Interpretation: Current alcohol consumption had differing associations by clinical outcome, and differing associations by income region. However, we identified sufficient commonalities to support global health strategies and national initiatives to reduce harmful alcohol use.
Funding: Population Health Research Institute, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario, AstraZeneca (Canada), Sanofi-Aventis (France and Canada), Boehringer Ingelheim (Germany and Canada), Servier, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, King Pharma, and national or local organisations in participating countries.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 30 Affiliation : Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada Permalink :
in Lancet (The) > Vol.386, n°10007 (November 14, 2015) . - 1945-1954[article]Alcohol poisoning in Russia and the countries in the European part of the former Soviet Union, 1970 2002 / STICKLEY A. in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.17 n°5 (2007)
Titre : Alcohol poisoning in Russia and the countries in the European part of the former Soviet Union, 1970 2002 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : STICKLEY A. ; M. LEINSALU ; E. ANDREEV ; RAZVODOVSKY Y. ; VÅGERÖ D. ; M. McKEE Année de publication : 2007 Article en page(s) : 444-449 Présentation : fig. ; tabl. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; ETUDE RETROSPECTIVE ; SEXE FEMININ ; INTOXICATION ; MORTALITE ; CONTREBANDE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé :
BACKGROUND: To investigate the phenomenon of alcohol poisoning in Russia and the countries in the European part of the former Soviet Union in the period 1970-2002. METHODS: Four time points were chosen spanning the late Soviet and post-Soviet periods. Data relating to alcohol poisoning deaths were collected at each point for the countries in the region-Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia and Ukraine. Age-standardized death rates from alcohol poisoning were subsequently calculated for the total population and separately for men and women. RESULTS: In 1970, the alcohol poisoning rates in the countries in this region were exceptionally high in comparative terms. Rates continued to rise in the late Soviet period in all the countries, only falling in the period following Gorbachev's anti-alcohol campaign. Mortality from alcohol poisoning became more common amongst women during the study period. In post-Soviet society alcohol poisoning mortality is occurring on an unprecedented scale although there may be some divergence in trends between the Slavic and Baltic countries which had mirrored each other in the Soviet period. Extremely high poisoning rates are probably explained by a combination of the volume of alcohol being consumed, what exactly is drunk and how it is being drunk. The consumption of illicitly produced alcohol in the post-Soviet period may also be contributing to the high mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: Acute alcohol poisoning has now reached unprecedented rates in parts of the ex-USSR with worrying trends among men as well as among women. Effective action by the governments concerned is now essential. (Author' s abstract)
Note de contenu : fig. ; tabl. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 50 Affiliation : Public Health Research Area, Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain.
1 Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition (SCOHOST), University College of South Stockholm, S 141 89 Huddinge, Sweden.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in European Journal of Public Health > Vol.17 n°5 (2007) . - 444-449[article]A comparative analysis of health policy performance in 43 European countries / J. P. MACKENBACH ; M. McKEE in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.23, n°2 (April 2013)
Titre : A comparative analysis of health policy performance in 43 European countries Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. P. MACKENBACH ; M. McKEE Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 195-201 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
COMPARAISON ; POLITIQUE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE ; TABAC ; ALCOOL ; ECONOMIE ; EFFICACITE ; PERFORMANCE
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé : Background: It is unknown whether European countries differ systematically in their pursuit of health policies, and what the determinants of these differences are. In this article, we assess the extent to which European countries vary in the implementation of health policies in 10 different areas, and we exploit these variations to investigate the role of political, economic and social determinants of health policy.
Data and Methods: We reviewed policies in the field of tobacco; alcohol; food and nutrition; fertility, pregnancy and childbirth; child health; infectious diseases; hypertension detection and treatment; cancer screening; road safety and air pollution. We developed a set of 27 'process' and 'outcome' indicators, as well as a summary score indicating a country's overall success in implementing effective health policies. In exploratory regression analyses, we related these indicators to six background factors: national income, survival/self-expression values, democracy, government effectiveness, left-party participation in government and ethnic fractionalization.
Results: We found striking variations between European countries in process and outcome indicators of health policies. On the whole, Sweden, Norway and Iceland perform best, and Ukraine, Russian Federation and Armenia perform worst. Within Western Europe, some countries, such as Denmark and Belgium, perform significantly worse than their neighbours. Survival/self-expression values and ethnic fractionalization were the main predictors of the health policy performance summary score. National income, survival/self-expression values and government effectiveness were the main predictors of countries' performance in specific areas of health policy.
Conclusions: Although many new preventive interventions have been developed, their implementation appears to have varied enormously among European countries. Substantial health gains can be achieved if all countries would follow best practice, but this probably requires the removal of barriers related to both the 'will' and the 'means' to implement health policies.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol ; Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 36 Affiliation : Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 3000 CA, Rotterdam, Netherlands Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks192 Permalink :
in European Journal of Public Health > Vol.23, n°2 (April 2013) . - 195-201[article]A European alcohol Strategy. Will the opportunity be missed? / M. McKEE
Titre : A European alcohol Strategy. Will the opportunity be missed? Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. McKEE Année de publication : 2006 Importance : 871-872 Note générale : British Medical Journal, 2006, 333, 871-872 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; INDUSTRIE DE L'ALCOOL ; POLITIQUE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé :
This month the European Commission must decide whether to adopt a strategy to deal with the adverse health consequences of alcohol. The strategy has been awaited eagerly by Europe's public health community since it was first mooted five years ago, but it could fall at the last hurdle. It may be the victim of a carefully planned attack by representatives of the alcohol industry, using tactics associated with tobacco manufacturers. (Extract of the publication)
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Editorial Refs biblio. : 10 Affiliation : London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A02991 Permalink : Global burden of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis in prisoners and detainees / K. DOLAN ; A. L. WIRTZ ; B. MOAZEN ; M. NDEFFO-MBAH ; A. GALVANI ; S. A. KINNER ; R. COURTNEY ; M. McKEE ; J. J. AMON ; L. MAHER ; M. HELLARD ; C. BEYRER ; F. L. ALTICE in Lancet (The), Vol.388, n°10049 (September 10, 2016)
Titre : Global burden of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis in prisoners and detainees : HIV and related infections in prisoners 1 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. DOLAN ; A. L. WIRTZ ; B. MOAZEN ; M. NDEFFO-MBAH ; A. GALVANI ; S. A. KINNER ; R. COURTNEY ; M. McKEE ; J. J. AMON ; L. MAHER ; M. HELLARD ; C. BEYRER ; F. L. ALTICE Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : 1089-1102 Note générale : Comment: On both sides of the prison walls - prisoners and HIV. Das P., Horton R., p. 1032-1033. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PRISON ; INFECTION ; VIH ; HEPATITE ; TUBERCULOSE ; PREVALENCE ; INCIDENCE ; INCARCERATION ; GEOGRAPHIE ; CONTAMINATION ; MODELE ; INJECTION ; USAGER
Discipline : MAL Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases Résumé : The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of data published between 2005 and 2015 to understand the global epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and tuberculosis in prisoners. We further modelled the contribution of imprisonment and the potential impact of prevention interventions on HIV transmission in this population. Of the estimated 10.2 million people incarcerated worldwide on any given day in 2014, we estimated that 3.8% have HIV (389 000 living with HIV), 15.1% have HCV (1 546 500), 4.8% have chronic HBV (491 500), and 2.8% have active tuberculosis (286 000). The few studies on incidence suggest that intraprison transmission is generally low, except for large-scale outbreaks. Our model indicates that decreasing the incarceration rate in people who inject drugs and providing opioid agonist therapy could reduce the burden of HIV in this population. The prevalence of HIV, HCV, HBV, and tuberculosis is higher in prison populations than in the general population, mainly because of the criminalisation of drug use and the detention of people who use drugs. The most effective way of controlling these infections in prisoners and the broader community is to reduce the incarceration of people who inject drugs. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 116 Affiliation : National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Permalink :
in Lancet (The) > Vol.388, n°10049 (September 10, 2016) . - 1089-1102[article]Health impacts of increasing alcohol prices in the European Union: A dynamic projection / S. K. LHACHIMI ; K. J. COLE ; W. J. NUSSELDER ; H. A. SMIT ; P. BAILI ; K. BENNETT ; J. POMERLEAU ; M. McKEE ; K. CHARLESWORTH ; M. C. KULIK ; J. P. MACKENBACH ; H. BOSHUIZEN in Preventive Medicine, Vol.55, n°3 (September 2012)PermalinkIs the link between alcohol and cardiovascular death among young russian men attributable to misclassification of acute alcohol intoxication ? Evidence from the city of Izhevsk / SHKOLNIKOV V. in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol.56 n°3 (2002)PermalinkPrevalence and determinants of smoking in Belarus : a national household survey, 2000 / A. B. GILMORE in European Journal of Epidemiology, Vol.17 n°3 (2001)PermalinkPrevalence of smoking in 8 countries of the former soviet union : results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study / A. GILMORE in American Journal of Public Health, Vol.94 n°12 (2004)PermalinkSocial transition and substance abuse / M. McKEEPermalinkThe whole truth and nothing but the truth? The research that Philip Morris did not wat you to see / P. A. DIETHELMPermalinkTobacco control policy: the European dimension / A. GILMORE ; M. McKEE in Clinical Medicine, Vol.2, n°4 (July 2002)PermalinkTobacco industry influence on science and scientists in Germany / T. GRUNING in American Journal of Public Health, Vol.96 n°1 (January 2006)Permalink