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Auteur GJERULDSEN S. R.
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A 25-year follow-up study of drug addicts hospitalized for acute hepatitis : present and past morbidity / GJERULDSEN S. R.
Titre : A 25-year follow-up study of drug addicts hospitalized for acute hepatitis : present and past morbidity Titre traduit : (Une étude de suivi à 25 ans de toxicomanes hospitalisés pour hépatite aiguë : morbidité passée et actuelle) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : GJERULDSEN S. R. ; MYRVANG B. ; OPJORDSMOEN S. Année de publication : 2003 Importance : 80-86 Présentation : tabl. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 1022-6877 Note générale : European Addiction Research, 2003, 9, 80-86 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
DEVENIR ; TOXICOMANE ; HEPATITE ; REINSERTION SOCIALE ; SIDA ; ALCOOL ; HANDICAP ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; MORBIDITE
Discipline : MAL Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases Résumé :
The aim of the study was to investigate present and past morbidity in drug addicts, 25 years after hospitalisation for acute hepatitis B or hepatitis nonA-nonB. The hospital records for 214 consecutively admitted patients were analysed, and a follow-up study on 66 of the 144 patients still alive was performed. At follow-up, 1 of 54 (1.8%) hepatitis B patients was still HBsAg positive. Twelve patients originally diagnosed as hepatitis nonA-nonB were all among 54 found to be anti-hepatitis C virus (anti- HCV) positive, and the total anti-HCV prevalence was 81.8%. Twelve (22.2%) of the HCV cases were unknown before the follow-up examination. Four (6.1%) participants were anti-human immunodeficiency virus positive, only 1 was on antiretroviral therapy, and none had developed AIDS. Other chronic somatic diseases were a minor problem, whereas drug users reported skin infections as a frequent complication. Forty-three patients (65%) had abandoned addictive drugs since the hospital stay. Serious mental disorders were reported by 19 patients (28.8%), and 17 (25.8%) regarded themselves as present (9) and former (8) compulsive alcohol drinkers. A large proportion of the participants were granted disability pension (39%), a majority because of psychiatric disorders, drug and alcohol abuse. (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Refs biblio. : 20 Affiliation : Dept Infectious Dis., Ulleval Univ. Hosp., 0407 Oslo
Numéro Toxibase : 505654 Centre Emetteur : 05 Marmottan Permalink : Criminality in drug addicts : a follow-up over 25 years / GJERULDSEN S. R.
Titre : Criminality in drug addicts : a follow-up over 25 years Titre traduit : (Criminalité et toxicomanie : une étude de suivi sur 25 ans) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : GJERULDSEN S. R. ; MYRVANG B. ; OPJORDSMOEN S. Année de publication : 2004 Importance : 49-55 Présentation : graph. ; tabl. Note générale : European Addiction Research, 2004, 10, (2), 49-55 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TOXICOMANE ; CRIME ; VIOLENCE ; MORTALITE ; HEPATITE ; DEVENIR ; ETUDE RETROSPECTIVE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé :
Background/Aims/Method: 214 drug addicts were included in a 25-year study on criminality using data from the National Register of Convictions, and 84% of those still living in Oslo attended a follow-up examination. Results: 89% of the 214 had committed offences, compared to 25% in a control group without drug use. 83% had been imprisoned. Males showed more criminal behavior than females and committed the most serious crimes. Male gender and more than two convictions were risk factors for reduced survival. At the follow-up examination 65% had abandoned illegal drugs and the majority had simultaneously stopped their criminal activities. There were significantly less drug offenders, thieves and people committing fraud or violations of traffic laws among the former drug addicts, but not less violent criminals. Criminality diminished with increasing age. Conclusions: Drug addicts were heavily involved in criminal affairs. Abandonment of illegal drugs and increasing age were associated with discontinuation of criminality. (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : graph. ; tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 16 Affiliation : Dept Infectious Diseases, Ullevàl Univ. Hosp., NO-0407 Oslo ; s.m.r.gjeruldsenioks.uio.no
Numéro Toxibase : 505810 Centre Emetteur : 05 Marmottan Permalink :