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Auteur L. ZHANG
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Academic performance and substance use: Findings from a state survey of public high school students / R. G. COX in Journal of School Health, Vol.77, n°3 (March 2007)
Titre : Academic performance and substance use: Findings from a state survey of public high school students Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. G. COX ; L. ZHANG ; W. D. JOHNSON ; D. R. BENDER Année de publication : 2007 Article en page(s) : 109-115 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
PERFORMANCE ; ADOLESCENT ; ENQUETE ; ALCOOL ; TABAC ; CANNABIS ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; PREVALENCE ; AUTOEVALUATION ; ECHEC SCOLAIRE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Previous investigations have shown that low academic achievers are more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, and use marijuana and other illicit drugs. This study investigated the relationship between academic performance and substance use among public high school students in Mississippi.
The sampling frame for the 2003 Mississippi Youth Risk Behavior Survey was obtained from the Mississippi Department of Education. A 2-stage cluster sample design produced a representative sample of Mississippi students in grades 9-12 who attended public schools. During the spring 2003, 34 of the 45 sampled schools (75.6%) participated.
A total of 1488 from the 1672 sampled students (89.0%) completed an 87-item questionnaire (overall response rate 67.3%). Low academic performance (students with mostly Cs or below) during the 12 months preceding the survey was more prevalent among males, non-Hispanic blacks, frequent smokers, binge drinkers, and marijuana users. Logistic regression identified gender, race, frequent smoking, and marijuana use as statistically significant factors associated with increased odds for low academic performance. Adjusted odds ratios were 1.2 for binge drinkers versus other students to 2.6 for non-Hispanic black students versus non-Hispanic white students.
The present findings highlight the extensive use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among Mississippi public high school students. Because poor academic achievers are more prevalent among students who participate in these substance-use behaviors, multifaceted approaches that encourage high levels of academic performance, while dissuading student involvement in risky/problem behaviors, may both improve low levels of academic achievement and reduce behaviors that contribute to poor health in adulthood. (Author' s abstract)
Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Refs biblio. : 29 Affiliation : Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03792 Permalink :
in Journal of School Health > Vol.77, n°3 (March 2007) . - 109-115[article]Continued spread of HIV among injecting drug users in southern Sichuan Province, China / L. YIN in Harm Reduction Journal, Vol.4 n°6 (2007)
Titre : Continued spread of HIV among injecting drug users in southern Sichuan Province, China Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. YIN ; QIN G. ; QIAN H. Z. ; ZHU Y. ; HU W. ; L. ZHANG ; K. CHEN ; Y. WANG ; S. LIU ; F. ZHOU ; XING H. ; Y. RUAN ; N. WANG ; SHAO Y. Année de publication : 2007 Article en page(s) : 1-7 Note générale : Harm Reduction Journal, 2007, 4, (6), 1-7 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
VIH ; PREVALENCE ; INJECTION ; ENQUETE ; PARTAGE DE SERINGUE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE
Discipline : MAL Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases Résumé :
OBJECTIVE: To estimate HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in a drug trafficking city in southwest Sichuan Province, China. METHODS: A total of 314 IDUs was invited to participate in the cross-sectional survey in 2004 through community outreach recruitment and peer referrals. Blood sample was taken for HIV antibody testing and a structured questionnaire was administered to collect information on socio-demographics, drug using and sexual behaviors. RESULTS: HIV prevalence among IDUs was 17.8% (56/314), about one half higher than that in previous survey in 2002 (11.3%, 43/379). Yi and other minority ethnicity (Odds ratio [OR], 3.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-5.8; P or = 10 times versus none, OR, 7.5; 95% CI, 3.2-17.7; P
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 15 Affiliation : State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, and National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Xuanwu District, Beijing 100050. Email : email@example.com [Yin L.]
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Classeur Permalink :
in Harm Reduction Journal > Vol.4 n°6 (2007) . - 1-7[article]Estimating the cost-effectiveness of needle-syringe programs in Australia / J. A. KWON ; J. ANDERSON ; C. C. KERR ; H. H. THEIN ; L. ZHANG ; J. IVERSEN ; G. J. DORE ; J. M. KALDOR ; M. G. LAW ; L. MAHER ; D. P. WILSON in AIDS, Vol.26, n°17 (November 2012)
Titre : Estimating the cost-effectiveness of needle-syringe programs in Australia Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : J. A. KWON ; J. ANDERSON ; C. C. KERR ; H. H. THEIN ; L. ZHANG ; J. IVERSEN ; G. J. DORE ; J. M. KALDOR ; M. G. LAW ; L. MAHER ; D. P. WILSON Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 2201-2210 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PROGRAMME ; ECHANGE DE SERINGUES ; COUT ; EFFICACITE ; EVALUATION ; VIH ; HEPATITE ; MODELE STATISTIQUE ; USAGER ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé : OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact and cost-effectiveness of needle-syringe programs (NSPs) with respect to HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among Australian injecting drug users (IDUs).
DESIGN/METHODS: A health economic analysis was conducted incorporating a mathematical model of HIV and HCV transmission among IDUs. An empirical relationship between syringe availability and receptive syringe sharing (RSS) was assessed. We compared the epidemiological outcomes and costs of NSP coverage (status quo RSS of 15-17%) with scenarios that had no NSPs (RSS of 25-50%). Outcomes included numbers of HIV and HCV infections averted, lifetime health sector costs, and cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained. Discounting was applied at 3% (sensitivity: 0%, 5%) per annum.
RESULTS: We estimated that NSPs reduced incidence of HIV by 34-70% (192-873 cases) and HCV by 15-43% (19 000-77 000 cases) during 2000-2010, leading to 20 000-66 000 QALYs gained. Economic analysis showed that NSP coverage saved A$70-220 million in healthcare costs during 2000-2010 and will save an additional A$340-950 million in future healthcare costs. With NSPs costing A$245 million, the programs are very cost-effective at A$416-8750 per QALY gained. Financial investment in NSPs over 2000-2010 is estimated to be entirely recovered in healthcare cost savings by 2032 with a total future return on investment of $1.3-5.5 for every $1 invested.
CONCLUSION: Australia's early introduction and high coverage of NSPs has significantly reduced the prevalence of HIV and HCV among IDUs. NSPs are a cost-effective public health strategy and will result in substantial net cost savings in the future.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 41 Affiliation : The Kirby Institute, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia Permalink :
in AIDS > Vol.26, n°17 (November 2012) . - 2201-2210[article]Women's programs versus mixed-gender day treatment: results from a randomized study / L. A. KASKUTAS
Titre : Women's programs versus mixed-gender day treatment: results from a randomized study Titre traduit : (Programmes de traitement spécifiques pour les femmes versus programmes mixtes : résultats d'une étude randomisée.) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. A. KASKUTAS ; L. ZHANG ; M. T. FRENCH ; J. WITBRODT Année de publication : 2005 Importance : 60-69 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : Addiction, 2005, 100, (1), 60-69 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
SEXE FEMININ ; TRAITEMENT ; EFFICACITE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Pour mesurer lefficacité des programmes, lévaluation a porté sur la consommation dalcool et de drogues et les problèmes psychiatriques et sociaux lors de lentrée dans le programme, à 6 mois et à 12 mois. Aucune différence significative na été observée chez les 122 participantes quelles soient prises en charge dans un programme spécifique ou un programme mixte.
Aims To compare outcomes and costs of out-patient women's treatment to mixed-gender programs. Design Randomized clinical trial. Setting Northern California (USA). Intervention Day treatment: one community-based women's program, two mixed-gender community-based programs and one mixed-gender hospital-based program. Participants Substance-dependent women recruited from the community (n = 122). Measurements Women were interviewed at baseline, at the end of treatment (94% response rate) and at 6 and 12 months post-treatment (100% response rates). Measures included alcohol and drug use, and psychiatric and social problems. Program costs were estimated using the Drug Abuse Treatment Cost Analysis Program. Findings No significant differences between the women's program and any of the mixed-gender programs were found for psychiatric problem severity, problems with family and friends or rates of drug use at any of the follow-up points. Rates of alcohol abstinence and total abstinence were similar between the women's program and both of the mixed-gender community programs, but were higher at the mixed-gender hospital program. Only one of these results was replicated in the multivariate analysis, with the odds of total abstinence significantly lower for those randomized to the women's program than the mixed-gender hospital program. However, the average cost of a treatment episode was significantly higher at the hospital program than at the women's program ($1212 versus $543). Conclusions These findings suggest that female substance abusers may be treated as effectively in mixed-gender programs as in women's programs. (Author' s abstract)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 52 Affiliation : Alcohol Research Group, 2000 Hearst Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94709-2176. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Etats-Unis. United States.
Numéro Toxibase : 208174 Centre Emetteur : 02 Coordonnateur Permalink :