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Auteur C. P. CHOU
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Acculturation and substance use: social influence as a mediator among Hispanic alternative high school youth / R. MYERS in Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol.50 n°2 (2009)
Titre : Acculturation and substance use: social influence as a mediator among Hispanic alternative high school youth Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. MYERS ; C. P. CHOU ; S. SUSSMAN ; L. BAEZCONDE-GARBANATI ; PACHON H. ; T. W. VALENTE Année de publication : 2009 Article en page(s) : 164-179 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; INFLUENCE ; ETHNIE ; CULTUREL ; PAIR ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; LANGAGE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : Research suggests that acculturation increases the risk of substance use among Hispanic youth. However, this process is not well understood. This study examined associations between acculturation and several substance use indicators among a sample of 714 Hispanic youth attending alternative high schools in southern California. Peer social influence was assessed as a potential mediator. Acculturation, measured by language use, was associated with increased risk of lifetime alcohol, marijuana, and current alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, and hard drug use, controlling for age, socioeconomic status, and gender. Results of mediation analyses indicate that peer social influence mediated the relationship between acculturation and lifetime alcohol, and current alcohol, cigarettes, and hard drug use. Evidence for partial mediation was observed with lifetime and current marijuana use. These results provide evidence that peer social influence is an important mediating variable that should be considered when examining the relationship between acculturation and substance use. (Author' s abstract) Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Affiliation : Etats-Unis. United States. Numéro Toxibase : 1302706 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Journal of Health and Social Behavior > Vol.50 n°2 (2009) . - 164-179[article]Community coalitions as a system: effects of network change on adoption of evidence-based substance abuse prevention / T. W. VALENTE in American Journal of Public Health, Vol.97 n°5 (2007)
Titre : Community coalitions as a system: effects of network change on adoption of evidence-based substance abuse prevention Titre traduit : (Système d'associations de quartier : effets d'un changement d'organisation sur l'adoption de prévention de la consommation de substances basées sur les preuves.) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : T. W. VALENTE ; C. P. CHOU ; M. A. PENTZ Année de publication : 2007 Article en page(s) : 880-886 Présentation : fig. ; tabl. Note générale : American Journal of Public Health, 2007, 97, (5), 880-886 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
PREVENTION ; PARTENARIAT ; LITTERATURE ; ABUS ; ENQUETE
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé :
OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of community coalition network structure on the effectiveness of an intervention designed to accelerate the adoption of evidence-based substance abuse prevention programs. METHODS: At baseline, 24 cities were matched and randomly assigned to 3 conditions (control, satellite TV training, and training plus technical assistance). We surveyed 415 community leaders at baseline and 406 at 18-month follow-up about their attitudes and practices toward substance abuse prevention programs. Network structure was measured by asking leaders whom in their coalition they turned to for advice about prevention programs. The outcome was a scale with 4 subscales: coalition function, planning, achievement of benchmarks, and progress in prevention activities. We used multiple linear regression and path analysis to test hypotheses. RESULTS: Intervention had a significant effect on decreasing the density of coalition networks. The change in density subsequently increased adoption of evidence-based practices. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal community network structures for the adoption of public health programs are unknown, but it should not be assumed that increasing network density or centralization are appropriate goals. Lower-density networks may be more efficient for organizing evidence-based prevention programs in communities.
Note de contenu : fig. ; tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 52 Affiliation : Institute for Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA 91803. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Etats-Unis. United States.
Numéro Toxibase : 1302008 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in American Journal of Public Health > Vol.97 n°5 (2007) . - 880-886[article]Effects of program and patient characteristics on retention of drug treatment patients / Y. I. HSER ; V. JOSHI ; M. MAGLIONE ; C. P. CHOU ; M. D. ANGLIN in Evaluation and Program Planning, Vol.24, n°4 (November 2001)
Titre : Effects of program and patient characteristics on retention of drug treatment patients Titre traduit : (Effets des caractéristiques des programmes et des patients sur la rétention des patients pris en charge dans les structures) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : Y. I. HSER ; V. JOSHI ; M. MAGLIONE ; C. P. CHOU ; M. D. ANGLIN Année de publication : 2001 Article en page(s) : 331-341 Note générale : Evaluation and Program Planning, 2001, vol.24, n°4, 331-341 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
RETENTION ; EVALUATION ; TRAITEMENT DE MAINTENANCE ; ENQUETE ; GUERISON
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé : Objective: To examine effects of program and patient characteristics on patient retention in residential drug treatment programs, outpatient drug-free programs (ODF), and methadone maintenance (MM) programs. Data sources/study setting: Patient data were based on admission and discharge records for individuals entering treatment programs in Los Angeles County during 1992 and 1993. Program data were collected from program directors via a mail survey. The study sample included 26,047 patients in 87 programs. The dependent variable was patient completion of a critical threshold of treatment (360 days for MM and 180 days for the other two modalities). We applied logistic regression hierarchical linear modeling analysis for each modality. Principal findings: Threshold retention rates were generally low in all three modalities (18.1% for residential programs, 22.9% for ODF, and 13.6% for MM). An articulated programmatic focus and low caseload increased patient retention in residential programs. A lower level of group therapy focus increased patient retention in ODF programs. A low programmatic focus and a low percentage of recovering staff were associated with high retention rates among MM patients. For ODF programs, none of the slopes showed random effects, while for residential and MM programs, some program factors contributed to the explanation of the random effects in several slopes (e.g., drug use severity). Conclusion: Program practice and service provision played important roles in determining patient retention in treatment. Service providers and planners should consider these key factors to improve retention of patients, which is likely to increase overall treatment effectiveness and efficiency. (Author' s abstract) Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 26 Affiliation : UCLA Drug Abuse Research Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Etats-Unis. United States.
Numéro Toxibase : 1301822 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03008 Permalink :
in Evaluation and Program Planning > Vol.24, n°4 (November 2001) . - 331-341[article]Exploring peers as a mediator of the association between depression and smoking in young adolescents / A. RITT-OLSON
Titre : Exploring peers as a mediator of the association between depression and smoking in young adolescents Titre traduit : (Exploration du rôle médiateur des pairs dans la correlation entre la dépression et la consommation de tabac chez des jeunes adolescents) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : A. RITT-OLSON ; J. UNGER ; VALENTE T. ; NEZAMI E. ; C. P. CHOU ; TRINIDAD D. ; J. MILAM ; M. EARLEYWINE ; S. TAN ; C. A. JOHNSON Année de publication : 2005 Importance : 77-98 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : Substance Use and Misuse, 2005, 40, (1), 77-98 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; CONSOMMATION ; TABAC ; MOTIVATION ; DEPRESSION ; PAIR ; TROUBLES DE L'HUMEUR ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé :
Recent research has suggested that depression causes teens to begin smoking to elevate their mood. Other studies, however, have suggested the reverse causal direction: smoking causes depression. To gain a more complete understanding of the relationship between smoking and depression, potential mediators should be explored. This study explored how peer influences could mediate the relationship between depression and smoking. The methodology of Baron and Kenney was followed to test for mediation and moderation. Peers mediated the relationship between depression and smoking. Separate analyses by gender showed that depression remained significantly associated with smoking when peers were included in the model for girls only. Peer influence was related to depressed affect for both genders. These results provide evidence that peer influences are an important variable to take into consideration when addressing a depression smoking relationship. (Editor's abstract.)
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 41 Affiliation : Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1000 South Fremont Ave. Bldg. A Room 5212, Alhambra, CA 91803. E-mail : email@example.com
Etats-Unis. United States.
Numéro Toxibase : 404743 Centre Emetteur : 04 CIRDD-51 Permalink : How can statistical approaches enhance transdisciplinary study of drug misuse prevention ? / C. P. CHOU
Titre : How can statistical approaches enhance transdisciplinary study of drug misuse prevention ? Titre traduit : (Comment les approches statistiques peuvent-elles améliorer l'étude transdisciplinaire de la prévention du mésusage des drogues ?) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. P. CHOU ; SPRUIJT-METZ D. ; S. P. AZEN Année de publication : 2004 Importance : 1867-1906 Présentation : graph. Note générale : Substance Use and Misuse, 2004, 39, (10-12), 1867-1906 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
RECHERCHE ; INTERDISCIPLINARITE ; MODELE STATISTIQUE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; FACTEUR DE PROTECTION ; PREVENTION
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé :
Application of statistical techniques in transdisciplinary research includes statistical model selection and model specification. This paper presents statistical models used in drug misuse prevention research. The historical roots of these models are discussed to illustrate the numerous disciplines from which different techniques originated. Single and multilevel approaches are described to illustrate methods of synthesizing perspectives from different scientific arenas. Using single-level approaches in transdisciplinary research, these models can easily incorporate broader theoretical considerations and more integrated hypotheses by representing each discipline with a set of variables. Simultaneous testing of every set of variables obtained from different disciplines may provide more comparable results to identify critical factors associated with substance-use behavior. Using multilevel approaches, more powerful syntheses across disciplines can be achieved by representing each discipline at a different level. (Editor's abstract.)
Note de contenu : graph. Domaine : Plusieurs produits / Several products Affiliation : Department of Preventive Medicine 1000 S. Fremont, Box 8, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA 91803. E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Etats-Unis. United States.
Numéro Toxibase : 404697 Centre Emetteur : 04 CIRDD-51 Permalink : Interaction effects of client and treatment characteristics on retention : an exploratory analysis using hierarchical linear models / C. P. CHOUPermalinkLongitudinal patterns of treatment utilization and outcomes among metamphetamine abusers: a growth curve modeling approach / Y. I. HSERPermalinkParallel developmental trajectories of sensation seeking and regular substance use in adolescents / A. M. CRAWFORD in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol.17, n°3 (September 2003)PermalinkParental substance use as a modifier of adolescent substance use risk / C. LIPermalinkPattern reliability of narcotics addicts' self-reported data : a confirmatory assessment of construct validity and consistency / C. P. CHOUPermalinkReductions in cannabis use are associated with improvements in anxiety, depression, and sleep quality, but not quality of life / Y. I. HSER ; L. J. MOONEY ; D. HUANG ; Y. ZHU ; R. L. TOMKO ; E. MCCLURE ; C. P. CHOU ; K. M. GRAY in Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Vol.81 (October 2017)PermalinkRelationship of substance use and associated predictors of violence in early, middle, and late adolescence / M. D. WEINER ; M. A. PENTZ ; S. N. SKARA ; C. LI ; C. P. CHOU ; J. H. DWYER in Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, Vol.13, n°4 (2004)PermalinkSpecial section. The most critical unresolved issues associated with transdisciplinary substance use prevention research : programs, models, paradigms, concepts, and processes / SPRUIJT-METZ D.PermalinkThe e-cigarette social environment, e-cigarette use, and susceptibility to cigarette smoking / J. L. BARRINGTON-TRIMIS ; K. BERHANE ; J. B. UNGER ; T. B. CRUZ ; R. URMAN ; C. P. CHOU ; S. HOWLAND ; K. WANG ; M. A. PENTZ ; T. D. GILREATH ; J. HUH ; A. M. LEVENTHAL ; J. M. SAMET ; R. MCCONNELL in Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol.59, n°1 (July 2016)PermalinkThe influence of the perceived consequences of refusing to share injection equipment among injection drug users: Balancing competing risks / K. D. WAGNER ; S. E. LANKENAU ; L. A. PALINKAS ; J. L. RICHARDSON ; C. P. CHOU ; J. B. UNGER in Addictive Behaviors, Vol.36, n°8 (August 2011)Permalink