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Auteur B. ISENSEE
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Access to cheaper cross-border cigarettes may decrease smoking cessation intentions in Germany / R. HANEWINKEL ; B. ISENSEE
Titre : Access to cheaper cross-border cigarettes may decrease smoking cessation intentions in Germany Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. HANEWINKEL ; B. ISENSEE Année de publication : 2007 Importance : 70-71 Note générale : Tobacco Control, 2007, 16, (1), 70-71 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; ACHAT ; CIGARETTE ; PRIX ; ABSTINENCE ; TAXE ; ACHATS TRANSFRONTALIERS
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Résumé : When cigarette prices increase, some smokers reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke or try to quit, whereas others switch to cheaper brands or tobacco products. Another way of avoiding an increase in cigarette price is to purchase cigarettes in other countries where prices are lower. Cross-border shopping of cigarettes is attractive for smokers in Germany because it is centrally located in Europe and cigarettes are more expensive in Germany compared with some neighbouring countries. In December 2004 and September 2005, the German government increased cigarette excise tax by 1.2 cent per cigarette in each case. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that access to cheaper cigarettes through cross-border shopping may decrease smokers intention to change smoking behaviour before these price increases. Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Institute for Therapy and Health Research, IFT-Nord, Düsternbrooker Weg 2, 24105 Kiel.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03260-B Permalink : Five in a row - reactions of smokers to tobacco tax increases: population-based cross-sectional studies in Germany 2001-2006 / R. HANEWINKEL
Titre : Five in a row - reactions of smokers to tobacco tax increases: population-based cross-sectional studies in Germany 2001-2006 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. HANEWINKEL ; B. ISENSEE Année de publication : 2007 Importance : 34-37 Note générale : Tobacco Control, 2007, 16, (1), 34-37 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
TABAC ; TAXE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; PRIX ; CONSOMMATION ; EVOLUTION
Discipline : MAR Marché de la drogue / Drug market Résumé :
OBJECTIVE: To assess reactions of smokers to five waves of tobacco tax increases in Germany. DESIGN: A 10-wave cross-sectional study, with assessments before and after the tax increases. SETTING: General population of Germany. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: 10 representative samples from the general population with a total number of 27,608 people aged >= 14 years, including 8548 smokers (31% of the total sample), were interviewed. OUTCOME MEASURES: Reflection on smoking behaviour, and smoking behaviour (quitting, reducing, switching to a cheaper brand or no change) before and after tobacco tax increases. RESULTS: Before the tax increases, one third to more than half of the smokers reflected on their smoking behaviour, 9.7-13.9% intended to quit, 23.4-34.7% intended to reduce smoking and 10.8-16.4% intended to switch to cheaper tobacco products, whereas 36.1-52.1% did not intend any change at all. After the tax increases, one fourth to more than one third reported to have reflected on their smoking behaviour, 4.0-7.9% quit smoking owing to the increase, 11.5-16.6% reduced consumption and 11.0-19.9% switched to cheaper products. Significant associations were found between the height of the price increase and the intentions and reactions of smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Price increases lead to a substantial reflection on smoking and intended and realised behaviour changes such as reduced consumption and switching to cheaper tobacco products. These effects are more pronounced the more the price rises. Therefore, taxation policy will lead to quitting and reducing smoking. However, complementary measures should also be taken to prevent smokers switching to cheaper tobacco products, which would reduce the effectiveness of taxation policy. (Author' s abstract)
Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 21 Affiliation : Institute for Therapy and Health Research, IFT-Nord, Düsternbrooker Weg 2, 24105 Kiel. Email : email@example.com
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A03260-A Permalink : From never to daily smoking in 30 months: the predictive value of tobacco and non-tobacco advertising exposure / M. MORGENSTERN ; J. D. SARGENT ; B. ISENSEE ; R. HANEWINKEL in BMJ Open, Vol.3, n°6 (2013)
Titre : From never to daily smoking in 30 months: the predictive value of tobacco and non-tobacco advertising exposure Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : M. MORGENSTERN ; J. D. SARGENT ; B. ISENSEE ; R. HANEWINKEL Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : e002907 ; 9 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; TABAC ; PUBLICITE ; FACTEUR PREDICTIF ; JEUNE ; INITIATION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Objective: To test the specificity of the association between tobacco advertising and youth smoking initiation.
Design: Longitudinal survey with a 30 month interval.
Setting: 21 public schools in three German states.
Participants: A total of 1320 sixth-to-eighth grade students who were never-smokers at baseline (age range at baseline, 10-15 years; mean, 12.3 years).
Exposures: Exposure to tobacco and non-tobacco advertisements was measured at baseline with images of six tobacco and eight non-tobacco advertisements; students indicated the number of times they had seen each ad and the sum score over all advertisements was used to represent inter-individual differences in the amount of advertising exposure.
Primary and secondary outcome measures: Established smoking, defined as smoked >100 cigarettes during the observational period, and daily smoking at follow-up. Secondary outcome measures were any smoking and smoking in the last 30 days.
Results: During the observation period, 5% of the never-smokers at baseline smoked more than 100 cigarettes and 4.4% were classified as daily smokers. After controlling for age, gender, socioeconomic status, school performance, television screen time, personality characteristics and smoking status of peers and parents, each additional 10 tobacco advertising contacts increased the adjusted relative risk for established smoking by 38% (95% CI 16% to 63%; p Conclusions: The study confirms a content-specific association between tobacco advertising and smoking behaviour and underlines that tobacco advertising exposure is not simply a marker for adolescents who are generally more receptive or attentive towards marketing.
Domaine : Tabac / Tobacco Refs biblio. : 24 Affiliation : Institute for Therapy and Health Research (IFT-Nord), Kiel, Germany Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002907 Permalink :
in BMJ Open > Vol.3, n°6 (2013) . - e002907 ; 9 p.[article]'Klar bleiben': a school-based alcohol prevention programme for German adolescents-study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial / S. TOMCZYK ; R. HANEWINKEL ; B. ISENSEE in BMJ Open, Vol.5, n°11 (2015)
Titre : 'Klar bleiben': a school-based alcohol prevention programme for German adolescents-study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. TOMCZYK ; R. HANEWINKEL ; B. ISENSEE Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : e010141 ; 8 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; PREVENTION ; PROGRAMME ; ADOLESCENT ; ETUDE RANDOMISEE ; MILIEU SCOLAIRE ; INTERVENTION ; EVALUATION
Discipline : PRE Prévention / Prevention Résumé : INTRODUCTION: There is a noticeable increase in hazardous alcohol use during adolescence, which is significantly associated with adverse consequences. In Germany, up to 30% of adolescents report regular heavy episodic drinking. However, only a few German prevention programmes target adolescents of legal drinking age (16 years and above); thus, this trial aims to develop, implement and evaluate 'Klar bleiben' ('Stay clearheaded'), a school-based prevention programme for grade 10 students.
METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 'Klar bleiben' consists of a class commitment to drink responsibly and refrain from hazardous consumption patterns for 9 weeks. The commitment is accompanied by educational lessons on alcohol-related cognitions and consequences. It will be evaluated in a sample of approximately 3000 students (150 classes) from two German federal states (Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony) via a two-armed cluster randomised controlled trial with baseline and postassessment 6 months apart. The intervention group (75 classes) will participate in 'Klar bleiben', whereas the control group (75 classes) will receive education as usual. 'Klar bleiben' addresses classes, individuals, teachers and parents. It is based on a social norms approach and aims to reduce hazardous drinking and drinking-related consequences in adolescents. Secondary outcomes include general drinking behaviour, use of other substances, alcohol-related cognitions and social factors. Covariates include sociodemographic characteristics, environmental and individual (vulnerability) factors.
ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: 'Klar bleiben' provides a multicomponent school-based programme that bridges a gap in alcohol prevention. Similar class-level and social norms-based prevention programmes have already been proven to be successful for other substances among adolescents. Thus, dissemination to other federal states as well as longer term follow-up testing of the robustness of effects is to be anticipated. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the German Psychological Society (RH_0620152), and study findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and conference contributions.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: German Clinical Trials Register: DRKS00009424.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : Institute for Therapy and Health Research (IFT-Nord), Kiel, Germany Lien : http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/5/11/e010141 Permalink :
in BMJ Open > Vol.5, n°11 (2015) . - e010141 ; 8 p.[article]The Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP): a methodological update / R. LIEB
Titre : The Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP): a methodological update Titre traduit : (L'étude des premiers stades de développement d'une psychopathologie (EDSP) : mise à jour méthodologique) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. LIEB ; B. ISENSEE ; K. VON SYDOW ; H. U. WITTCHEN Année de publication : 2000 Importance : 170-182 Présentation : fig. ; tabl. ISBN/ISSN/EAN : 1022-6877 Note générale : European Addiction Research, 2000, 6, 170-182 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ETUDE PROSPECTIVE ; ETUDE LONGITUDINALE ; COHORTE ; FAMILLE ; ADOLESCENT ; PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE ; POPULATION A RISQUE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE
Résumé : FRANÇAIS :
Les objectifs de l'EDSP sont décrits de façon très précise et détaillée. Il s'agit d'une étude prospective longitudinale qui étudie l'usage de drogues et les autres problèmes de santé mentale dans un échantillon représentatif de la population des 14-24 ans (3021 sujets). Deux études de follow-up ont été menées couvrant une période de 3 à 4 ans. Les éléments spécifiques sont un chaînage avec un supplément familial et des études neurologiques en laboratoire, de sujets à haut risque.
The objectives of the community-based Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology (EDSP) Study are described along with a detailed account of the overall design, special design features, sample characteristics and instruments used. The EDSP employed a prospective-longitudinal design to study substance use and other mental disorders in a representative population sample of 3,021 subjects aged 14-24 years (birth cohorts 1970-1981) at 'baseline" - the outset of the study. Two follow-up investigations were conducted after the baseline investigation covering an overall period of 3-4 years. Special design features are the linkage with a family supplement (EDSP-FS) as well as neurobiological laboratory studies of high-risk subjects. (Author's abstract.)
Note de contenu : fig. ; tabl. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Refs biblio. : 65 Affiliation : Max Planck Inst. Psychiat., Clin. Psychol. Epidemiol. Unit, Kraepelinstrasse 2, 80804 München
Numéro Toxibase : 505040 Centre Emetteur : 05 Marmottan Permalink :