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Auteur S. A. KINNER
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Early predictors of adult drinking: a birth cohort study / R. ALATI in American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol.162, n°11 (June 2005)
Titre : Early predictors of adult drinking: a birth cohort study Titre traduit : (Facteurs prédictifs précoces de l'alcoolisme adulte . Enquête sur une cohorte) Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. ALATI ; J. M. NAJMAN ; S. A. KINNER ; MAMUN A. A. ; G. M. WILLIAMS ; O'CALLAGHAN M. ; W. BOR Année de publication : 2005 Article en page(s) : 1098-1107 Présentation : tabl. Note générale : American Journal of Epidemiology, 2005, 162, (11), 1098-1107 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; ADULTE JEUNE ; GROSSESSE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé :
Few studies have explored early predictors of problem drinking in youth, and fewer still have simultaneously considered the role of biologic, familial, and intrapersonal factors. The present study explored early life course and later life course predictors of alcohol abuse and dependence in young adulthood. Data were taken from a cohort of 2,551 mothers and their children recruited as part of the longitudinal Mater University Study of Pregnancy and its outcomes (MUSP) carried out in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1984. Data were collected prenatally and then postnatally at 6 months and at 5, 14, and 21 years. A range of biologic, familial, and intrapersonal factors was considered. A series of logistic regression models with inverse probability weighting was used to explore pathways to problem drinking from adolescence to early adulthood. For males and females, no association was found between either birth factors or childhood factors and a lifetime diagnosis of alcohol disorders at age 21 years. Externalizing symptoms and maternal factors at age 14 years were significantly associated with alcohol problems. For youth aged 14 years, maternal moderate alcohol consumption accounted for the highest percentage of attributable risk among those exposed. Results show that exposure to maternal drinking in adolescence is a strong risk factor for the development of alcohol problems in early adulthood.
Note de contenu : tabl. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 40 Affiliation : Public Health Building, Medical School, School of Population Health, Univ. of Queensland, Herston, Queensland 4072. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Numéro Toxibase : 1301328 Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in American Journal of Epidemiology > Vol.162, n°11 (June 2005) . - 1098-1107[article]Global burden of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis in prisoners and detainees / K. DOLAN ; A. L. WIRTZ ; B. MOAZEN ; M. NDEFFO-MBAH ; A. GALVANI ; S. A. KINNER ; R. COURTNEY ; M. McKEE ; J. J. AMON ; L. MAHER ; M. HELLARD ; C. BEYRER ; F. L. ALTICE in Lancet (The), Vol.388, n°10049 (September 10, 2016)
Titre : Global burden of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis in prisoners and detainees : HIV and related infections in prisoners 1 Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. DOLAN ; A. L. WIRTZ ; B. MOAZEN ; M. NDEFFO-MBAH ; A. GALVANI ; S. A. KINNER ; R. COURTNEY ; M. McKEE ; J. J. AMON ; L. MAHER ; M. HELLARD ; C. BEYRER ; F. L. ALTICE Année de publication : 2016 Article en page(s) : 1089-1102 Note générale : Comment: On both sides of the prison walls - prisoners and HIV. Das P., Horton R., p. 1032-1033. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PRISON ; INFECTION ; VIH ; HEPATITE ; TUBERCULOSE ; PREVALENCE ; INCIDENCE ; INCARCERATION ; GEOGRAPHIE ; CONTAMINATION ; MODELE ; INJECTION ; USAGER
Discipline : MAL Maladies infectieuses / Infectious diseases Résumé : The prison setting presents not only challenges, but also opportunities, for the prevention and treatment of HIV, viral hepatitis, and tuberculosis. We did a comprehensive literature search of data published between 2005 and 2015 to understand the global epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and tuberculosis in prisoners. We further modelled the contribution of imprisonment and the potential impact of prevention interventions on HIV transmission in this population. Of the estimated 10.2 million people incarcerated worldwide on any given day in 2014, we estimated that 3.8% have HIV (389 000 living with HIV), 15.1% have HCV (1 546 500), 4.8% have chronic HBV (491 500), and 2.8% have active tuberculosis (286 000). The few studies on incidence suggest that intraprison transmission is generally low, except for large-scale outbreaks. Our model indicates that decreasing the incarceration rate in people who inject drugs and providing opioid agonist therapy could reduce the burden of HIV in this population. The prevalence of HIV, HCV, HBV, and tuberculosis is higher in prison populations than in the general population, mainly because of the criminalisation of drug use and the detention of people who use drugs. The most effective way of controlling these infections in prisoners and the broader community is to reduce the incarceration of people who inject drugs. Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 116 Affiliation : National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Permalink :
in Lancet (The) > Vol.388, n°10049 (September 10, 2016) . - 1089-1102[article]High-risk drug-use practices among a large sample of Australian prisoners / S. A. KINNER ; R. JENKINSON ; M. GOUILLOU ; M. J. MILLOY in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol.126, n°1-2 (November 2012)
Titre : High-risk drug-use practices among a large sample of Australian prisoners Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. A. KINNER ; R. JENKINSON ; M. GOUILLOU ; M. J. MILLOY Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 156-160 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
PRISON ; INJECTION ; PREVALENCE ; CONDUITE A RISQUE ; ENQUETE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Background: Drug injection in prison is associated with a high risk of transmission of blood-borne pathogens including hepatitis C (HCV). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and identify independent correlates of recent in-prison injecting drug use (P-IDU) among a large sample of adult prisoners in Queensland, Australia.
Methods: Confidential, structured interviews with 1,322 adult prisoners in Queensland, Australia. Prevalence estimates were corrected for sampling bias using inverse probability weighting. Independent correlates of recent P-IDU were identified using multivariable Poisson regression with backwards elimination.
Results: We estimated that among all adult prisoners in Queensland, Australia, the prevalence of lifetime IDU was 55.1%, of lifetime P-IDU 23.0%, and of recent (during current sentence) P-IDU 13.2%. Significant, independent correlates of recent P-IDU included male gender (ARR = 3.07, 95%CI 1.83-5.12), being unemployed prior to incarceration (ARR = 1.34, 95%CI 1.01-1.76), use of three or more drug types prior to incarceration (ARR = 1.80, 95%CI 1.40-2.31), a history of needle/syringe sharing (ARR = 5.00, 95%CI 3.06-8.16), receiving a tattoo during the current prison sentence (ARR = 2.19, 95%CI 1.67-2.86) and HCV exposure (ARR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.08-2.02). Older age was protective (ARR = 0.90 per 5 years older, 95%CI 0.83-0.99).
Conclusion: Drug injection in prison is common and, given the associations between in-prison drug injection and syringe sharing, unsafe tattooing and HCV exposure, poses a risk to both prisoner health and public health. There remains an urgent need to implement evidence-based infection control measures, including needle and syringe programs, within prison settings.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs Affiliation : Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Australia Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Drug and Alcohol Dependence > Vol.126, n°1-2 (November 2012) . - 156-160[article]