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Auteur E. KUNTSCHE
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Adding tobacco to cannabis - its frequency and likely implications / R. E. BELANGER ; C. AKRÉ ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL ; J. C. SURIS in Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol.13, n°8 (August 2011)
Titre : Adding tobacco to cannabis - its frequency and likely implications Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. E. BELANGER ; C. AKRÉ ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL ; J. C. SURIS Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 746-750 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ESPAD ; ENQUETE ; ADOLESCENT ; CANNABIS ; TABAC ; PREVALENCE ; POLYCONSOMMATION ; TYPE D'USAGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : INTRODUCTION: Young cannabis users are at increased risk of later cigarette initiation and progression to nicotine addiction. The present study addresses the frequency at which mulling (adding tobacco to cannabis smoked as joints) is performed and in which way this practice varies according to cigarette smoking status.
METHODS: Data were issued from the Swiss 2007 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD). A total of 881 past month cannabis users (mean age 15 years, boys 60.1%) were inquired on mulling using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Participants were further grouped according to their cigarette smoking status (daily, occasional, former, and never-smokers).
RESULTS: Four of every 5 cannabis users depicted mulling as frequently performed. The highest occurrence was found among daily cigarette smokers (DSC; 90.3%), while former cigarette smokers reported the lowest (58.9%). The multinomial logistic regression showed DSC more likely reporting mulling as frequent compared with never-smokers (risk ratio = 3.56 [95% CI 1.55-8.21]).
CONCLUSIONS: Mulling appears to be a very common process among young cannabis users, especially among concomitant cigarette smokers. Nevertheless, the majority of cigarette abstainers also reported frequently adding tobacco to the cannabis they smoke. Because it may represent a significant exposition to nicotine, mulling should be taken into account when assessing substance use among adolescents and in supporting their quitting attempts.
Domaine : Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs ; Tabac / Tobacco Affiliation : Research Group on Adolescent Health, Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Epalinges, Switzerland Permalink :
in Nicotine and Tobacco Research > Vol.13, n°8 (August 2011) . - 746-750[article]Adolescent alcohol use: a reflection of national drinking patterns and policy? / P. BENDTSEN ; M. T. DAMSGAARD ; T. HUCKLE ; S. CASSWELL ; E. KUNTSCHE ; P. ARNOLD ; M. DE LOOZE ; F. HOFMANN ; A. HUBLET ; B. SIMONS-MORTON ; T. F. M. ter BOGT ; B. E. HOLSTEIN in Addiction, Vol.109, n°11 (November 2014)
Titre : Adolescent alcohol use: a reflection of national drinking patterns and policy? Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : P. BENDTSEN ; M. T. DAMSGAARD ; T. HUCKLE ; S. CASSWELL ; E. KUNTSCHE ; P. ARNOLD ; M. DE LOOZE ; F. HOFMANN ; A. HUBLET ; B. SIMONS-MORTON ; T. F. M. ter BOGT ; B. E. HOLSTEIN Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 1857-1868 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
HBSC ; ALCOOL ; ADOLESCENT ; POLITIQUE ; AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; ADULTE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; IVRESSE ; ETUDE TRANSVERSALE ; SEXE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Aims: To analyse how adolescent drunkenness and frequency of drinking were associated with adult drinking patterns and alcohol control policies.
Design, Setting and Participants: Cross-sectional survey data on 13- and 15-year-olds in 37 countries who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study in 2010 (n = 144 788) were linked to national-level indicators on alcohol control policies and adult drinking patterns.
Measurements: Outcome measures were self-reported weekly drinking and life-time drunkenness (drunk once or more). Data were analysed using multi-level logistic regression models.
Findings: In the mutually adjusted models, adolescent drunkenness was associated significantly with high adult alcohol consumption [odds ratio (OR) = 3.15 among boys, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.13-4.64, OR girls = 2.44, CI = 1.57-3.80] and risky drinking patterns in the adult population (OR boys = 2.02, CI = 1.33-3.05, OR girls = 1.61, CI = 1.18-2.18). The level of abstainers in the adult population was also associated significantly with girls' drunkenness; a 10% increase in the number of abstainers in a country reduced the odds of drunkenness with 21% (OR = 0.79, CI = 0.68-0.90). Weekly drinking was associated significantly with weak restrictions on availability (OR boys = 2.82, CI = 1.74-4.54, OR girls = 2.00, CI = 1.15-3.46) and advertising (OR boys = 1.56, CI = 1.02-2.40, OR girls = 1.79, CI = 1.10-2.94).
Conclusions: Comparing data cross-nationally, high levels of adult alcohol consumption and limited alcohol control policies are associated with high levels of alcohol use among adolescents.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 56 Affiliation : National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.109, n°11 (November 2014) . - 1857-1868[article]Adolescent drinking patterns across countries: Associations with alcohol policies / C. GILLIGAN ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.47, n°6 (November-December 2012)
Titre : Adolescent drinking patterns across countries: Associations with alcohol policies Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. GILLIGAN ; E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 732-737 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
HBSC ; AGE MINIMUM LEGAL ; ENQUETE ; ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; POLITIQUE ; COMPARAISON ; PRIX ; PREVALENCE ; IVRESSE ; ESPAD ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
EUROPE ; AMERIQUE DU NORD
Discipline : SAN Santé publique / Public health Résumé : Early consumption of full servings of alcohol and early experience of drunkenness have been linked with alcohol-related harmful effects in adolescence, as well as adult health and social problems. On the basis of secondary analysis of county-level prevalence data, the present study explored the current pattern of drinking and drunkenness among 15- and 16-year-old adolescents in 40 European and North American countries. Data from the 2006 Health Behavior in School Children survey and the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs were used. The potential role of alcohol control and policy measures in explaining variance in drinking patterns across countries was also examined. Policy measures and data on adult consumption patterns were taken from the WHO Global Information System on Alcohol and Health, Eurostat and the indicator of alcohol control policy strength developed by Brand DA, Saisana M, Rynn LA et al. [(2007) Comparative analysis of alcohol control policies in 30 countries. PLoS Med 4:e151.]. We found that a non-significant trend existed whereby higher prices and stronger alcohol controls were associated with a lower proportion of weekly drinking but a higher proportion of drunkenness. It is important that future research explores the causal relationships between alcohol policy measures and alcohol consumption patterns to determine whether strict policies do in fact have any beneficial effect on drinking patterns, or rather, lead to rebellion and an increased prevalence of binge drinking. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : Discipline of Health Behaviour Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia Permalink :
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.47, n°6 (November-December 2012) . - 732-737[article]Alcohol consumption in late adolescence and early adulthood - Where is the problem? / E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL in Swiss Medical Weekly, Vol.143 (25 July 2013)
Titre : Alcohol consumption in late adolescence and early adulthood - Where is the problem? Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : E. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : w13826 ; 10 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; ADOLESCENT ; ADULTE JEUNE ; FACTEUR DE RISQUE ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ; TRAJECTOIRE ; USAGE REGULIER ; USAGE PROBLEMATIQUE ; TYPE D'USAGE ; PREVENTION ; RECOMMANDATION
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) is more common in late adolescence and early adulthood (approximately between the ages of 16 and 30) than in any other period in life. This is also the age when young people in Switzerland and many other European countries are legally allowed to buy and drink alcohol, but they usually do not yet have adult responsibilities. This paper reviews evidence from the international literature and provides examples of studies conducted in Switzerland demonstrating that (a) RSOD is by far most prevalent on Saturday evenings followed by Friday evenings, usually because young people go out and do not have any work or study responsibilities the next day; (b) RSOD results from drinking in private before going out ("predrinking") and accelerating the pace of drinking (i.e. increasing the number of drinks consumed per hour); (c) RSOD is often not accidental but purposeful,. to seek excitement, to have fun and to feel the effects of alcohol; (d) RSOD occurs predominantly outside the home, mostly in bars, pubs, discos or at special events and festivals; (e) RSOD often results in intended and unintended injuries and other acute consequences, which are leading risk factors for mortality and morbidity in this age group. Effective prevention strategies should include attempts to reduce opportunities to engage in heavy drinking as well as strategies to reduce its harmful consequences. Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Refs biblio. : 50 Affiliation : Sucht Schweiz, Research Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland Permalink :
in Swiss Medical Weekly > Vol.143 (25 July 2013) . - w13826 ; 10 p.[article]Associations between drinking motives and changes in adolescents' alcohol consumption: a full cross-lagged panel study / K. SCHELLEMAN-OFFERMANS ; E. KUNTSCHE ; R. A. KNIBBE in Addiction, Vol.106, n°7 (July 2011)
Titre : Associations between drinking motives and changes in adolescents' alcohol consumption: a full cross-lagged panel study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. SCHELLEMAN-OFFERMANS ; E. KUNTSCHE ; R. A. KNIBBE Année de publication : 2011 Article en page(s) : 1270–1278 Note générale : Voir également Erratum, Vol.106, n°10, p.1882 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; TYPE D'USAGE ; JEUNE ; MOTIVATION ; CONSOMMATION ; MODELE STATISTIQUE ; EPIDEMIOLOGIE DESCRIPTIVE ; EFFET RECHERCHE ; CULTUREL
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : AIMS. Longitudinal full cross-lagged models are essential to test causal relationships. This study used such a model to test the predictive value of internal (enhancement and coping) and external (conformity and social) drinking motives for changes in alcohol use over time, and tested possible reversed causality (i.e. alcohol use explains later drinking motives).
DESIGN. Longitudinal data consisting of two waves (separated by 1 year) were used to estimate cross-lagged structural equation models.
SETTING. Three comparable (regarding urbanization and social stratification) Dutch communities.
PARTICIPANTS. A total of 454 alcohol-using adolescents aged 13–16 years (mean = 14.8 years, SD = 0.78) at wave 1.
MEASUREMENTS. Standardized questionnaires including the Drinking Motive Questionnaire–revised, and items on total weekly consumption and frequency of heavy episodic drinking.
FINDINGS. In adolescence, drinking motive preferences are already relatively stable over time. Also, only social motives significantly predicted increases in total weekly consumption and frequency of heavy episodic drinking. No feedback mechanisms by which alcohol consumption explains later drinking motives scores were found.
CONCLUSIONS. Among drinking adolescents in a wet drinking culture, such as the Dutch drinking culture, social drinking motives, rather than enhancement or coping motives for drinking, appear to predict overall consumption and frequency of heavy episodic use a year later. Parents and other important social actors have an active role in reducing alcohol availability and monitoring adolescents' drinking.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 39 Affiliation : Faculty of Health Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Pays Bas Lien : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03423.x/abstract Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.106, n°7 (July 2011) . - 1270–1278[article]Binge drinking in Europe: definitions, epidemiology, and consequences / G. GMEL ; J. REHM ; E. KUNTSCHE in Sucht, Vol.49, n°2 (April 2003)PermalinkDu canapé au bistro - suivi de l'évolution de la consommation d'alcool des jeunes adultes durant les soirées de fin de semaine / F. LABHART ; E. KUNTSCHE in Dépendances, n°47 (Octobre 2012)PermalinkCannabis et jeunesse : épidémiologie et idéologies / H. KUENDIG ; M. DELGRANDE JORDAN ; E. KUNTSCHE in Dépendances, n°27 (Décembre 2005)PermalinkChanges in adolescents' reasons for drinking in Switzerland and associations with alcohol use from 1994 to 2002 / E. KUNTSCHE in Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol.39, n°5 (November 2006)PermalinkCharacteristics of binge drinkers in Europe / E. KUNTSCHE in Social Science and Medicine, Vol.59, n°1 (2004)PermalinkCultural and gender convergence in adolescent drunkenness: evidence from 23 European and North American countries / E. KUNTSCHE ; S. KUNTSCHE ; R. KNIBBE ; B. SIMONS-MORTON ; T. FARHAT ; A. HUBLET ; P. BENDTSEN ; E. GODEAU ; Z. DEMETROVICS in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol.165, n°2 (February 2011)PermalinkDance is the new metal: adolescent music preferences and substance use across Europe / T. F. M. ter BOGT ; S. N. GABHAINN ; B. G. SIMONS-MORTON ; M. FERREIRA ; A. HUBLET ; E. GODEAU ; E. KUNTSCHE ; M. RICHTER ; The HBSC Risk Behavior ; The HBSC Peer Culture Focus Groups in Substance Use and Misuse, Vol.47, n°2 (2012)PermalinkDecrease in adolescent cannabis use from 2002 to 2006 and links to evenings out with friends in 31 European and North American countries and regions / E. KUNTSCHE in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol.163, n°2 (February 2009)PermalinkDecreases in adolescent weekly alcohol use in Europe and North America: evidence from 28 countries from 2002 to 2010 / M. DE LOOZE ; Q. A. W. RAAIJMAKERS ; T. F. M. ter BOGT ; P. BENDTSEN ; T. FARHAT ; M. FERREIRA ; E. GODEAU ; E. KUNTSCHE ; M. MOLCHO ; T. K. PFÖRTNER ; B. SIMONS-MORTON ; A. VIENO ; W. VOLLEBERGH ; W. PICKETT in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.25, Suppl.2 (April 2015)PermalinkDisentangling gender and age effects on risky single occasion drinking during adolescence / E. KUNTSCHE in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.16 n°6 (2006)Permalink