Détail de l'auteur
Auteur E. KANER
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur
Ajouter le résultat dans votre panier Faire une suggestion Affiner la recherche
Alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents: The how, what and where of reducing alcohol consumption and related harm among young people / R. PATTON ; P. DELUCA ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; T. PHILLIPS ; C. DRUMMOND in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.49, n°2 (March-April 2014)
Titre : Alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents: The how, what and where of reducing alcohol consumption and related harm among young people Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. PATTON ; P. DELUCA ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; T. PHILLIPS ; C. DRUMMOND Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 207-212 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; DEPISTAGE ; EFFICACITE ; CRAFFT ; AUDIT
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé : Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the evidence base on alcohol screening and brief intervention for adolescents to determine age appropriate screening tools, effective brief interventions and appropriate locations to undertake these activities.
Methods: A review of existing reviews (2003-2013) and a systematic review of recent research not included in earlier reviews.
Results: The CRAFFT and AUDIT tools are recommended for identification of ‘at risk’ adolescents. Motivational interventions delivered over one or more sessions and based in health care or educational settings are effective at reducing levels of consumption and alcohol-related harm.
Conclusion: Further research to develop age appropriate screening tools needs to be undertaken. Screening and brief intervention activity should be undertaken in settings where young people are likely to present; further assessment at such venues as paediatric emergency departments, sexual health clinics and youth offending teams should be evaluated. The use of electronic (web/smart-phone based) screening and intervention shows promise and should also be the focus of future research.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Addictions Department, National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agt165 Permalink :
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.49, n°2 (March-April 2014) . - 207-212[article]Attitudes and managing alcohol problems in general practice: an interaction analysis based on findings from a WHO collaborative study / P. ANDERSON
Titre : Attitudes and managing alcohol problems in general practice: an interaction analysis based on findings from a WHO collaborative study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : P. ANDERSON ; E. KANER ; S. WUTZKE ; FUNK M. ; N. HEATHER ; M. WENSING ; R. P. T. M. GROL ; A. GUAL ; L. PAS ; WHO BRIEF INTERVENTION STUDY GROUP Année de publication : 2004 Importance : 351-356 Note générale : Alcohol and Alcoholism, 2004, 39, (4), 351-356
Projet réalisé sous l'égide de l'OMS auprès de 340 médecins généralistes dans 4 pays. Bien que les programmes professionnels et organisationnels peuvent conduire à un engagement accru des médecins dans le dépistage et la délivrance d'interventions brèves pour l'alcoolisation à risque, la situation semble plus complexe.
Langues : Français (fre) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
APPRENTISSAGE ; COMPORTEMENT ; DEPISTAGE ; ALCOOL ; MEDECIN GENERALISTE ; INTERVENTION ; FORMATION ; PRISE EN CHARGE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé :
AIMS: To determine if GPs' attitudes towards working with drinkers moderated the impact that training and support had on screening and brief intervention activity in routine practice. METHODS: Subjects were 340 GPs from four countries who were part of a World Health Organization randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of training and support in increasing screening and brief alcohol intervention. GPs' self-reported attitudes towards working with drinkers were measured with the Shortened Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire. RESULTS: Whereas training and support increased GPs' screening and brief intervention rates, it did so only for practitioners who already felt secure and committed in working with drinkers. Training and support did not improve attitudes towards working with drinkers and, moreover, worsened the attitudes of those who were already insecure and uncommitted. CONCLUSIONS: To enhance the involvement of GPs in the management of alcohol problems, interventions that increase both actual experience and address practitioners' attitudes is required. Such support could take the form of on-site support agents and facilitators. (Author' s abstract)
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Affiliation : Centre for Quality of Care Research, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, 229 WOK, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : A01964 Permalink : Autonomy, special offers and routines: a Q methodological study of industry-driven marketing influences on young people's drinking behaviour / S. SCOTT ; R. BAKER ; J. SHUCKSMITH ; E. KANER in Addiction, Vol.109, n°11 (November 2014)
Titre : Autonomy, special offers and routines: a Q methodological study of industry-driven marketing influences on young people's drinking behaviour Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. SCOTT ; R. BAKER ; J. SHUCKSMITH ; E. KANER Année de publication : 2014 Article en page(s) : 1833-1844 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; INDUSTRIE DE L'ALCOOL ; MARKETING ; ADOLESCENT ; INFLUENCE ; METHODE ; PRIX ; TYPE D'USAGE
Discipline : SHS Sciences humaines et sociales / Human and social sciences Résumé : Aim: To identify shared patterns of views in young people relating to the influence of industry-driven alcohol marketing (price, promotion, product and place of purchase/consumption) on their reported drinking behaviour.
Design: Q methodology harnessed qualitative and quantitative data to generate distinct clusters of opinions as follows: 39 opinion statements were derived from earlier in-depth qualitative interviews with 31 young people; by-person factor analysis was carried out on 28 participants' (six previous interviewees and 22 new recruits) rank orderings of these statements (most-to-least agreement); interpretation of the factor arrays was aided by 10-15-minute debriefing interviews held immediately following each Q-sort.
Setting: Northeast England Participants Young people aged 14-17 years purposively recruited from high schools, higher education colleges, youth centres and youth offending teams.
Findings: Centroid factor extraction and varimax rotation of factors generated three distinct accounts: factor one ('autonomous, sophisticated consumers') illustrated a self-defined sense of individuality and autonomy in alcohol choices; factor two ('price-driven consumers') appeared price-led, choosing to drink what was most accessible or cheapest; and factor three (‘context-focused consumers’) described drinking practices where products were chosen to serve specific functions such as being easy to carry while dancing.
Conclusions: Considering young people's views on alcohol marketing, different perspectives can be identified. These include perceived imperviousness to maketing, responsiveness to price and affordability and responsiveness to marketing focusing on youth lifestyles.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 58 Affiliation : Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Addiction > Vol.109, n°11 (November 2014) . - 1833-1844[article]Clinical reasoning, clinical trials and risky drinkers in everyday primary care: A qualitative study of British general practitioners / C. MAY in Addiction Research and Theory, Vol.14, n°4 (August 2006)
Titre : Clinical reasoning, clinical trials and risky drinkers in everyday primary care: A qualitative study of British general practitioners Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : C. MAY ; RAPLEY T. ; E. KANER Année de publication : 2006 Article en page(s) : 387-397 Note générale : Addiction Research and Theory, 2006, 14, (4), 387-397 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
MEDECIN GENERALISTE ; INTERVENTION BREVE ; ENQUETE ; ALCOOL ; RELATION THERAPEUTIQUE ; PRISE EN CHARGE
Discipline : TRA Traitement et prise en charge / Treatment and care Résumé :
Alcohol and other substance misuse problems have historically been seen as refractory in primary care, but in the past 20 years Brief Interventions have come to be seen as an important and effective response to a range of problems around risky drinking. Proponents of brief interventions have argued that these interventions are best accomplished in the community, but that primary health care professionals resist using them. This qualitative study investigated responses to alcohol problems in a maximum variation sample of 28 primary care professionals in and around a northern English city. We found clinicians negotiating alcohol problems using interactional techniques that integrated elements of brief interventions, and which fitted these to the interactional and temporal order of clinical encounters and physicianpatient relationships in primary care. Central to these accounts was the problem of finding an interactional solution that drew together notions of what was both ethically and practically possible in any given encounter. (Author' s abstract)
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Refs biblio. : 32 Affiliation : Centre for Health Services Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Royaume-Uni. United Kingdom.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink :
in Addiction Research and Theory > Vol.14, n°4 (August 2006) . - 387-397[article]Does industry-driven alcohol marketing influence adolescent drinking behaviour? A systematic review / S. SCOTT ; C. MUIRHEAD ; J. SHUCKSMITH ; R. TYRRELL ; E. KANER in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.52, n°1 (January 2017)
Titre : Does industry-driven alcohol marketing influence adolescent drinking behaviour? A systematic review Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : S. SCOTT ; C. MUIRHEAD ; J. SHUCKSMITH ; R. TYRRELL ; E. KANER Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : 84-94 Langues : Anglais (eng) Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ADOLESCENT ; ALCOOL ; INDUSTRIE DE L'ALCOOL ; MARKETING ; INFLUENCE ; INITIATION ; TYPE D'USAGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Résumé : Aim: To systematically review evidence on the influence of specific marketing components (Price, Promotion, Product attributes and Place of sale/availability) on key drinking outcomes (initiation, continuation, frequency and intensity) in young people aged 9-17.
Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, PsychINFO, CINAHL and ProQuest were searched from inception to July 2015, supplemented with searches of Google Scholar, hand searches of key journals and backward and forward citation searches of reference lists of identified papers.
Results: Forty-eight papers covering 35 unique studies met inclusion criteria. Authors tended to report that greater exposure to alcohol marketing impacted on drinking initiation, continuation, frequency and intensity during adolescence. Nevertheless, 23 (66%) studies reported null results or negative associations, often in combination with positive associations, resulting in mixed findings within and across studies. Heterogeneity in study design, content and outcomes prevented estimation of effect sizes or exploration of variation between countries or age subgroups. The strength of the evidence base differed according to type of marketing exposure and drinking outcome studied, with support for an association between alcohol promotion (mainly advertising) and drinking outcomes in adolescence, whilst only two studies examined the relationship between alcohol price and the drinking behaviour of those under the age of 18.
Conclusion: Despite the volume of work, evidence is inconclusive in all four areas of marketing but strongest for promotional activity. Future research with standardized measures is needed to build on this work and better inform interventions and policy responses.
Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agw085 Permalink :
in Alcohol and Alcoholism > Vol.52, n°1 (January 2017) . - 84-94[article]Effectiveness of screening and brief alcohol intervention in primary care (SIPS trial): pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial / E. KANER ; M. BLAND ; P. CASSIDY ; S. COULTON ; V. DALE ; P. DELUCA ; E. GILVARRY ; C. GODFREY ; N. HEATHER ; J. MYLES ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; A. OYEFESO ; S. PARROTT ; K. A. PERRYMAN ; T. PHILLIPS ; J. SHEPHERD ; C. DRUMMOND in British Medical Journal, Vol.346, n°7892 (26 January 2013)PermalinkHow economic recessions and unemployment affect illegal drug use: A systematic realist literature review / G. E. NAGELHOUT ; K. HUMMEL ; M. C. M. DE GOEIJ ; H. DE VRIES ; E. KANER ; P. LEMMENS in International Journal of Drug Policy, Vol.44 (June 2017)PermalinkHow effective are brief interventions in reducing alcohol consumption: do the setting, practitioner group and content matter? Findings from a systematic review and metaregression analysis / L. PLATT ; G. J. MELENDEZ-TORRES ; A. O'DONNELL ; J. BRADLEY ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; E. KANER ; C. ASHTON in BMJ Open, Vol.6, n°8 (2016)PermalinkIdentifying the gap between need and intervention for alcohol use disorders in Europe / C. DRUMMOND ; A. GUAL ; C. GOOS ; C. GODFREY ; P. DELUCA ; C. VON DER GOLTZ ; G. GMEL ; E. SCAFATO ; A. WOLSTENHOLME ; K. MANN ; S. COULTON ; E. KANER in Addiction, Vol.106, Suppl.1 (March 2011)PermalinkImpact of alcohol education and training on general practitioners' diagnostic and management skills: findings from a world health organisation collaborative study / E. KANERPermalinkImplementation strategies to enhance management of heavy alcohol consumption in primary health care: a meta-analysis / M. KEURHORST ; I. VAN DE GLIND ; M. BITARELLO DO. AMARAL-SABADINI ; P. ANDERSON ; E. KANER ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; J. BRASPENNING ; M. WENSING ; M. HEINEN ; M. LAURANT in Addiction, Vol.110, n°12 (December 2015)PermalinkA multicountry controlled trial of strategies to promote dissemination and implementation of brief alcohol intervention in primary health care: findings of a World Health Organization collaborative study / FUNK M.PermalinkThe impact of brief alcohol interventions in primary healthcare: a systematic review of reviews / A. O'DONNELL ; P. ANDERSON ; D. NEWBURY-BIRCH ; B. SCHULTE ; C. SCHMIDT ; J. REIMER ; E. KANER in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.49, n°1 (January-February 2014)Permalink