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Auteur K. BLOOMFIELD
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Alcohol consumption and alcohol problems among women in European countries / K. BLOOMFIELD
Titre : Alcohol consumption and alcohol problems among women in European countries Type de document : Rapport Auteurs : K. BLOOMFIELD ; S. AHLSTRÖM ; A. ALLAMANI ; M. CHOQUET ; F. CIPRIANI ; G. GMEL ; B. JANIN JACQUAT ; R. KNIBBE ; L. KUBICKA ; T. LECOMTE ; P. MILLER ; M. PLANT ; F. SPAK Année de publication : 1999 Editeur : Berlin : Institute for Medical Informatics Biostastistics and Epidemiology Importance : 281 p. Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; TYPE D'USAGE ; SEXE FEMININ ; CONSOMMATION ; MORBIDITE ; MORTALITE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Far less research on women's drinking behaviour has taken place within Europe, despite the fact that there are a number of important reasons to focus on European women's drinking. There is no single drinking culture in Europe. In fact, Europe is made up of a variety of different drinking traditions. Moreover, it has been pointed out that the size of gender differences in drinking behaviour varies by cultures. This a further reason to study women's drinking behaviour in relation to men's on a pan-European level. It appears that until now there has been no comprehensive gathering and summarising of how the drinking cultures across various European countries look with respect to gender. Therefore, the present study was designed to specifically address alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems among women in nine European countries: The Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden and Switzerland.
Objectives: The concerted action began its work with the following set of original measurable objectives: (1) Using data sets of the study countries, standardised units to compare alcohol consumption were to be developed, and standard measures and approaches for future measurement of alcohol consumption which are gender- sensitive to be recommended. (2) To investigate differences in drinking patterns and acute alcohol-related problems within and between countries. This was done by looking at differences between men and women, and among women. (3) To review registry data in each partner country for "chronic consequences" of alcohol consumption. The first task was to review the morbidity and mortality registry data in each country for its availability and to determine the process by which such data are collected. The second step was to examine the relationship of alcohol intake across gender with the identified common set of data for chronic consequences if the data were valid enough to make such a comparison. The project was meant to co-ordinate and facilitate the comparison of European health data, and to facilitate a common methodology for interpreting them. In addition, by examining trends and changes in the drinking patterns and rates of alcohol problems among women, the project was to identify indicators for health risk behaviours in this population. Thus, the results of this concerted action should help put in place a harmonised methodology and the necessary expertise to monitor changes in alcohol health data as a result of European Union market policies and specific European Union public health policy regulations, directives, and resolutions.
Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=62733Alcohol consumption and social inequality at the individual and country levels - results from an international study / U. GRITTNER ; S. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL ; K. BLOOMFIELD in European Journal of Public Health, Vol.23, n°2 (April 2013)
in European Journal of Public Health > Vol.23, n°2 (April 2013) . - 332-339
Titre : Alcohol consumption and social inequality at the individual and country levels - results from an international study Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : U. GRITTNER ; S. KUNTSCHE ; G. GMEL ; K. BLOOMFIELD Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 332-339 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; COMPARAISON ; CATEGORIE SOCIO-PROFESSIONNELLE ; CONSOMMATION ; REVENU ; SEXE
Mots-clés : inégalité sociale Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : BACKGROUND: International comparisons of social inequalities in alcohol use have not been extensively investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of country-level characteristics and individual socio-economic status (SES) on individual alcohol consumption in 33 countries.
METHODS: Data on 101 525 men and women collected by cross-sectional surveys in 33 countries of the GENACIS study were used. Individual SES was measured by highest attained educational level. Alcohol use measures included drinking status and monthly risky single occasion drinking (RSOD). The relationship between individuals' education and drinking indicators was examined by meta-analysis. In a second step the individual level data and country data were combined and tested in multilevel models. As country level indicators we used the Purchasing Power Parity of the gross national income, the Gini coefficient and the Gender Gap Index.
RESULTS: For both genders and all countries higher individual SES was positively associated with drinking status. Also higher country level SES was associated with higher proportions of drinkers. Lower SES was associated with RSOD among men. Women of higher SES in low income countries were more often RSO drinkers than women of lower SES. The opposite was true in higher income countries.
CONCLUSION: For the most part, findings regarding SES and drinking in higher income countries were as expected. However, women of higher SES in low and middle income countries appear at higher risk of engaging in RSOD. This finding should be kept in mind when developing new policy and prevention initiatives.
Refs biblio. : 48 Affiliation : Department for Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité - University Medicine, Berlin, Germany Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=72367[article]Alcohol consumption estimates in surveys in Europe: Comparability and sensitivity for gender differences / R. A. KNIBBE in Substance Abuse, Vol.22, n°1 (2001)
in Substance Abuse > Vol.22, n°1 (2001) . - 23-38
Titre : Alcohol consumption estimates in surveys in Europe: Comparability and sensitivity for gender differences Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : R. A. KNIBBE ; K. BLOOMFIELD Année de publication : 2001 Article en page(s) : 23-38 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus TOXIBASE
ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; CONSOMMATION ; COMPARAISON ; SEXE ; VENTE ; METHODE ; DIFFERENCE DE GENRE
ROYAUME-UNI ; EUROPE ; ITALIE ; FRANCE ; ALLEMAGNE ; FINLANDE ; PAYS-BAS ; SUISSE ; REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE ; SUEDE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : The comparability of general population studies on alcohol from nine European countries is evaluated from three points of view: (1) methodologic aspects influencing alcohol estimates, (2) variation between countries in coverage of sales estimates of alcohol consumption, and (3) associations between type of question used to measure alcohol consumption and gender differences in alcohol consumption. With respect to methodologic aspects, it was found that the studies differed on most of the 10 points included in this comparison. The coverage of sales estimates by surveys varies between 39% (Germany) and 56% (France). With respect to type of question and gender differences, it was found that more elaborate sets of questions on alcohol consumption are associated with smaller gender differences in the prevalence of heavy drinking (>600 g 100% alc/mo). It is concluded that the methodologic differences between studies and the differences in sales coverage do not allow cross-national comparison of survey estimates of alcohol consumption of different European countries. Compared with more elaborate sets of questions on alcohol consumption, simple questions on alcohol consumption are likely to underestimate gender differences in the prevalence of heavier drinking. (Author' s abstract) Affiliation : Medical Sociology, Department of Health Care Sciences, University Maastricht, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht Pays-Bas. Netherlands. Centre Emetteur : 13 OFDT Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=56466[article]Alcohol survey measures for Europe: A literature review / K. BLOOMFIELD ; A. HOPE ; L. KRAUS in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, Vol.20, n°5 (October 2013)
in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy > Vol.20, n°5 (October 2013) . - 348-360
Titre : Alcohol survey measures for Europe: A literature review Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : K. BLOOMFIELD ; A. HOPE ; L. KRAUS Année de publication : 2013 Article en page(s) : 348-360 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
ALCOOL ; ENQUETE ; METHODE ; TEST ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; ABUS ; DEPENDANCE ; AUDIT ; DIAGNOSTIC
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : This article reports the results of a purposive review of the different alcohol survey instruments currently used in survey research. The review was conducted to support the development of a standardized comparative survey methodology for Europe. It examines various types of instruments used to measure alcohol consumption, risky drinking, alcohol abuse and dependence, social consequences and third-party harm. The review of literature provides several insights for a European comparative survey. The beverage-specific quantity–frequency measure is recommended for use across countries. A reference period of 1 year for alcohol consumption is considered important if one is to link associated problems with alcohol intake. With regard to risky drinking, objective measures based on the quantity of approximately 60–70 g of ethanol per drinking occasion are preferable to subjective measures of drunkenness. In choosing an instrument for measuring abuse and dependence, the key issue is to decide whether the instrument is to serve as a screening or diagnostic tool. In the case of screening, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test or the Rapid Alcohol Problem Screen-4 appears more appropriate. But if one desires to approximate a diagnostic category, then the Composite International Diagnostic Interview or another operationalization of ICD-10/DSM-IV criteria would be the better choice. Due to a lack of validated scales for social consequences and third-party harm, no recommendations are justified. Sous-type de document : Revue de la littérature / Literature review Affiliation : Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Copenhagen, Denmark Cote : Abonnement Lien : http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09687637.2011.642906 Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=73276[article]Changes in mortality due to major alcohol-related diseases in four Nordic countries, France and Germany between 1980 and 2009: a comparative age-period-cohort analysis / L. KRAUS ; S. OSTHUS ; E. J. AMUNDSEN ; D. PIONTEK ; J. HARKONEN ; S. LEGLEYE ; K. BLOOMFIELD ; P. MAKELA ; J. LANDBERG ; J. TORRONEN in Addiction, Vol.110, n°9 (September 2015)
in Addiction > Vol.110, n°9 (September 2015) . - 1443-1452
Titre : Changes in mortality due to major alcohol-related diseases in four Nordic countries, France and Germany between 1980 and 2009: a comparative age-period-cohort analysis Type de document : Périodique Auteurs : L. KRAUS ; S. OSTHUS ; E. J. AMUNDSEN ; D. PIONTEK ; J. HARKONEN ; S. LEGLEYE ; K. BLOOMFIELD ; P. MAKELA ; J. LANDBERG ; J. TORRONEN Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 1443-1452 Langues : Anglais Mots-clés : Thésaurus Géographique
DANEMARK ; FINLANDE ; SCANDINAVIE ; NORVEGE ; SUEDE ; FRANCE ; ALLEMAGNE
ALCOOL ; MORTALITE ; EVOLUTION ; COMPARAISON ; AGE
Discipline : EPI Epidémiologie / Epidemiology Domaine : Alcool / Alcohol Résumé : Aims: To investigate age, period and cohort effects on time trends of alcohol-related mortality in countries with different drinking habits and alcohol policies.
Design and setting: Age-period-cohort (APC) analyses on alcohol-related mortality were conducted in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, France and Germany.
Participants: Cases included alcohol-related deaths in the age range 20-84 years between 1980 and 2009.
Measurements: Mortality data were taken from national causes of death registries and covered the ICD codes alcoholic psychosis, alcohol use disorders, alcoholic liver disease and toxic effect of alcohol.
Findings: In all countries changes across age, period and cohort were found to be significant for both genders [effect value with confidence interval (CI) shown in Supporting information, Table S1]. Period effects pointed to an increase in alcohol-related mortality in Denmark, Finland and Germany and a slightly decreasing trend in Sweden, while in Norway an inverse U-shaped curve and in France a U-shaped curve was found. Compared with the cohorts born before 1960, the risk of alcohol-related mortality declined substantially in cohorts born in the 1960s and later. Pairwise between-country comparisons revealed more statistically significant differences for period (P < 0.001 for all 15 comparisons by gender) than for age [P < 0.001 in seven (men) and four (women) of 15 comparisons] or cohort [P < 0.01 in two (men) and three (women) of 15 comparisons].
Conclusions: Strong period effects suggest that temporal changes in alcohol-related mortality in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, France and Germany between 1980 and 2009 were related to secular differences affecting the whole population and that these effects differed across countries.
Refs biblio. : 44 Affiliation : Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden Cote : Abonnement Permalink : http://bdoc.ofdt.fr/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=76170[article]Gender, culture and alcohol problems: a multi-national study / K. BLOOMFIELD in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.41, Suppl.1 (2006)PermalinkGender, culture and alcohol problems: a multi-national study. An EU concerted Action. Project final report / K. BLOOMFIELDPermalinkMarriage, cohabitation and alcohol consumption in young adults: an international exploration / M. PLANT in Journal of Substance Use, Vol.13 n°2 (2008)PermalinkPrevalence of alcohol use and the association between onset of use and alcohol-related problems in a general population sample in Germany / L. KRAUSPermalinkSocial inequalities and gender differences in the experience of alcohol-related problems / U. GRITTNER ; S. KUNTSCHE ; K. GRAHAM ; K. BLOOMFIELD in Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol.47, n°5 (September-October 2012)PermalinkWomen's roles and women's drinking: a comparative study in four European counties / G. GMELPermalink