|Titre :||Assessing options for poppers policy in Canada: A call to action for evidence-based policy reform (2023)|
|Auteurs :||C. SCHWARTZ ; K. CARD ; R. ELLIOTT ; K. HOLLETT ; J. JOLLIMORE ; A. PASIC ; S. SMILEY ; L. TOOLEY ; H. PRUDEN ; R. KNIGHT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||International Journal of Drug Policy (Vol.115, May 2023)|
|Article en page(s) :||art. 104017|
|Discipline :||LOI (Loi et son application / Law enforcement)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEPOPPERS ; POLITIQUE ; REDUCTION DES RISQUES ET DES DOMMAGES ; REGULATION ; USAGE THERAPEUTIQUE ; MESUSAGE ; VENTE ; MINORITE ; SANTE PUBLIQUE
When inhaled, poppers products (alkyl nitrites) relax smooth muscle tissue and produce a pleasant "rush." As such, they are used by some gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (sexual minority men), including during anal intercourse. In 2013, Health Canada cracked down on poppers sales by introducing threats of fines and imprisonment and seizing poppers in stores and at the border. While no new legislation was introduced, Health Canada takes the position that poppers fall within the definition of a "drug" under the Food and Drugs Act because they "modify organic function" in humans. This crackdown has not prevented poppers use and has added harms related to an illicit and unregulated drug supply. In an effort to reduce harms and advance more equitable and public health-centred approaches to poppers drug policy, we discuss how a series of anticipated outcomes (accessibility, equity, consumer safety, commercial feasibility, and stigma) relate to the following alternative approaches to regulation: (1) poppers as a prescription medicine; (2) poppers as a non-prescription drug (likely accessible 'over-the-counter'); (3) poppers as a consumer product rather than just a medicine; and (4) ending the crackdown without legislative changes. To improve health equity and reduce harms among sexual minority men in a way that is politically and commercially feasible, we recommend the last approach - ending the crackdown without legislative changes - including ceasing the confiscation of poppers products in stores and at the border.
In 2013, health Canada cracked down on the sale of poppers (alkyl nitrites).
The ban has caused harms related to an illicit and unregulated drug supply.
We discuss alternative regulatory options to decrease stigma and harm.
Evidence supports ending the crackdown to improve health outcomes for queer people.
|Domaine :||Drogues illicites / Illicit drugs|
|Affiliation :||British Columbia Centre on Substance Use, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada|