|Titre :||A narrative review of the neuropharmacology of synthetic cathinones - Popular alternatives to classical drugs of abuse (2023)|
|Auteurs :||P. KUROPKA ; M. ZAWADZKI ; P. SZPOT|
|Type de document :||Article : Périodique|
|Dans :||Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental (Online first 03/03/2023, 2023)|
|Article en page(s) :||e2866|
|Discipline :||PRO (Produits, mode d'action, méthode de dépistage / Substances, action mode, screening methods)|
Thésaurus TOXIBASEDROGUES DE SYNTHESE ; CATHINONES ; PHARMACOLOGIE ; NEUROBIOLOGIE ; MECANISME D'ACTION ; TOXICOLOGIE ; CHIMIE
Objective: To review the literature on the neuropharmacology of synthetic cathinones.
Methods: A comprehensive literature search was carried out across multiple databases (mainly PubMed, World Wide Web, and Google Scholar) using relevant keywords.
Results: Cathinones exhibit a broad toxicological profile, mimicking the effects of a wide variety of 'classic drugs' such as 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), methamphetamine and cocaine. Even small structural changes affect their interactions with key proteins. This article reviews existing knowledge of the mechanisms of action of cathinones at the molecular level, and key findings from research on their structure-activity relationship. The cathinones are also classified according to their chemical structure and neuropharmacological profiles.
Conclusions: Synthetic cathinones represent one of the most numerous and widespread groups among new psychoactive substances. Initially developed for therapeutic purposes, they quickly started to be used recreationally. With a rapidly increasing number of new agents entering the market, structure-activity relationship studies are valuable for assessing and predicting the addictive potential and toxicity of new and potential future substances. The neuropharmacological properties of synthetic cathinones are still not fully understood. A full elucidation of the role of some key proteins, including organic cation transporters, requires detailed studies.
|Domaine :||Autres substances / Other substances|
|Sous-type de document :||Revue de la littérature / Literature review|
|Affiliation :||Institute of Toxicology Research, Borowa, Poland|